Holodomor

Video – Holodomor

Video: Holodomor – Man-made famine and genocide in Ukraine ArchiveOrgYoutube

Note: I doubt the authenticity of some of the footage, but even if parts of the video are dramatizations and some of the pictures of the starving are not of Ukrainians but of Indians, etc, overall, the stories told in the pictures fit with the descriptions by survivors and reporters who witnessed the famine taking place in Ukraine.

Holodomor is a man-made famine that killed an estimated 7 million Ukrainians. The author of “Harvest of Sorrow”, Robert Conquest, says the true figure is 14 million, more than the total of the deaths in all nations in WWI. In addition to the Holodomor, the communist government launched a campaign of Red Terror against the Ukrainians, involving arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and execution, as well as transport to the gulags to die of over-work and abuse, and expulsion to far-off lands, where many were expected to survive on their own in the wilderness, and no food or water given to them during the weeks’ long journey.

Stalin declared:

“We have gone over … to a policy of liquidating the kulak as a class”

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Book: “The Harvest of Sorrow”

This is a book about the Holodomor by Robert Conquest

Editorial review in Amazon site

harvest-of-sorrow 200h.jpgThe Harvest of Sorrow is the first full history of one of the most horrendous human tragedies of the 20th century. Between 1929 and 1932 the Soviet Communist Party struck a double blow at the Russian peasantry: dekulakization, the dispossession and deportation of millions of peasant families, and collectivization, the abolition of private ownership of land and the concentration of the remaining peasants in party-controlled “collective” farms. This was followed in 1932-33 by a “terror-famine,” inflicted by the State on the collectivized peasants of the Ukraine and certain other areas by setting impossibly high grain quotas, removing every other source of food, and preventing help from outside–even from other areas of the Soviet Union–from reaching the starving populace. The death toll resulting from the actions described in this book was an estimated 14.5 million–more than the total number of deaths for all countries in World War I.”

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The architect of Holodomor: Lazar Kaganovich

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Lazar Kaganovich with Joseph Stalin (real name of Stalin: Dzhugashvili). Lazar Kaganovich (left) played a role in enforcing Stalin’s policies that led to the Holodomor.

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VIDEO: Holodomor film

Video: Holodomorinfo advertisement Youtube

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“Food is a weapon”

“Food is a weapon”:  Maxim Litvinov, 1921 (RSFSR Deputy Commissar of Foreign Affairs)

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Starved peasants on a street in Kharkiv, 1933

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Carol Frey saved to War-The Ukrainian Holocaust of 1932-33

Hungry and neglected children — the so-called “Besprisornyje” (“the waifs”)

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Dead child, a victim of the Famine Genocide in Kharkiv. Ukraine, 1933.

Yuriy Shchypanov saved to Red Plague (black page of сommunism)

The Holodomor. Child died on the streets of Kharkov, 1933

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Jeff Blom saved to Holodomor Massacre of Ukrainian Christians

Hercolano2: UKRAINE – Holodomor 1932-33 – INTRO + TESTIMONIES + PICTURES

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taylor L. saved to ukrainian

September 1933, approximately two-thirds of Ukrainian pupils were recorded as missing from schools

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Jeff Blom saved to Holodomor Massacre of Ukrainian Christians

Holodomor, 1932-33

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Yuriy Shchypanov saved to Red Plague (black page of сommunism)

Victims of hunger. Kharkiv, 1933

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Eric Willems saved to Black & White Photo’s only

A family in Ukraine Starves during the #Holodomor. Photo taken 11 November 1932 pic.twitter.com/vN1Wz2NkZv

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Jeff Blom saved to Holodomor Massacre of Ukrainian Christians

Голодомор на Украине Genocide by starvation engineered by Stalin’s regime in Ukraine 1932-1933

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Joe Gargery saved to Global: Poverty, Hunger and Water

The Great Russian famine (1919-1922). Cannibalism. 6 million people died.

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Theresa Steele saved to Famine

Holodomor

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Ballet Fanatic saved to NEVER AGAIN

Soviet police load corpses of Holodomor victims onto a train, 1932-1933, somewhere in Ukraine.

http://www.holodomoreducation.org/index.php/id/197

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Vinnytsia. Vinnytsa News Новини Вінниці saved to Holodomor: Genocide by Famine

These are not the victims of the Nazis. It’s Ukrainians. victims of communist madness.

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Shilo Vue saved to In Time

A victim of the Josef Stalin-ordered Holodomor famine, which killed millions of Ukrainians from 1932-33, is lying on a Kharkiv street in 1933.

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Pet Ayob saved to HOLODOMOR

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John Kamps saved to Historical Villains, Ancient times to present

Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich Stalins “Kulak” trouble shooter. Between 1928-34, up to 16 million people died in the Ukraine, as a result of mass stravation, shootings, even bombing of entire towns by the Red Army/ Airforce. later he was involved in mass deportations to Siberia of ethnic Muslims in Crimea. He once boasted to Stalin, that famine was cheaper then bullets to kill the Kulaks.

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Susan Heep saved to Stalin’s U.S.S.R.

Two boys with a cache of potatoes they have found during the man-made Holodomor famine in the Ukraine, former Soviet Union, Spring 1934

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Yuriy Shchypanov saved to Red Plague (black page of сommunism)

Holodomor

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Or Oro saved to Progressives of the XX century

Stalin Ukraine

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Shane Bermingham saved to History

Starving Ukrainian children during 1932-1933 genocidal famine initiated by the Soviets, known as Holodomor. It resulted in deaths of estimated 2.5-7.5 million Ukrainians. Victims of Holodomor are commemorated fourth Saturday of November each year.

HOLODOMOR

A GENOCIDE OF HUNGER

The “Grand Famine” (Holodomor in Ukrainian means “ to inflict death through hunger”), organized intentionally by the Soviet regime, struck Ukraine from 1932-1933. According to research, the regions most affected by the famine were what is today known as Poltava, Sumy, Kharkiv, Cherkasy, Kiev, and Zhytomyr, which contributed to 52.8% of the famine’s victims. In reality Holomodor affected all of Central, South, East, and North Ukraine. The population of Ukraine in 1932 was 32,680,000 people; diverse sources have estimated the number of victims with values that range from 4.5 to 6 or 7 million. Journalist Paolo Rumiz says that “almost six million died from starvation in only Ukraine” that is “25 thousand a day,” “17 a minute”, specifying that “one out of three deaths were children or babies”. Andrej Gregorovich, an Ukrainian-American, speaks of the death of 7 million Ukrainians; he mentions the statement of Stalin to Churchill, according to which the dead in four years of collectivization were 10 million; Gregorovich confirms that “prudent assessments” said the dead were around 4.8 million, while “many studies re-confirmed” the estimated number of deaths to be between 5 and 8 million. In theBlack Book of Communism, Nicolas Werth talks about “over 6 million victims” (pg.147), as does Giovanni Gozzini in his volume dedicated to illustrate Gulag (the Soviet institution responsible for operating forced labor camps). Deaths from the labor camp system in the USSR “the most recent estimates, accurately conducted by official demographic sources, value that between 4 and 6 million deaths were the fruit of the famine, which was used as an instrument to normalize the structure of classes in the country” (pg.46), says the research of S.G.Wheatcroft and also citing the research gathered by A. Graziosi in Letters from Krakow. The famine in Ukraine and the North Caucaus in reports of Italian Diplomats from 1932-1933. The census of 1933 compared to the census of 1926 shows that the population of the USSR increased by 15.7%, however it fell in Ukraine by 9.9%. The archives of the era, accessible only for a small amount of time, testify to the intentional exploitation of the famine by the Soviet regime in order to damage the peasantry in the new design of “engineered socialism” (cfr. G. Gozzini, Gulag. The system of Labor Camps in the USSR, p.49). Keeping the truth secret, the soviet regime wanted to escape their rightful blame.

Today, no doubts remain that the Holomodor was an act of genocide, which resulted from political decisions of Stalin’s totalitarian regime, to suppress the Ukrainian people. Recently Ukraine has revealed numerous well-known documents from archives of ex-KGB that show the objectives and mechanisms, used by politicians, which sent millions of Ukrainians to their deaths. In many countries around the world there were undisclosed publications and research, like in the archives of Gran Bretagna, Italiy, France etc, which testify that in the case of Ukraine and neighboring regions hunger has been provoked permanently.

Certainly the responsibility for what happened is attributed to the complex Stalinist regime with its punitive branch. Because of the fulfillment of repressive measures, such as the introduction of enormous shares of harvested grain designated to stockpiles (requisition of the State); the seizure of all foodstuffs; rationing the sale of foodstuffs; the deployment of internal troops, and the restriction of the starving people to marry in other region of the USSR in search of food; the Ukrainian population was made prisoner in enormous ghettos, in which it was impossible to survive. By August 7th, 1932 in the USSR the property collective was dictated “sacred and secure” in a way on which whoever-including children-committed a theft or offense to “socialist property”  (such as harvesting and hiding wheat/grain for ones children who were dying of hunger), or “wasted,” would be accused and serve a sentence between ten years in labor camps and the death penalty. The shares designated for the stockpiles (for the city and exports) had absolute prices that could not be reduced for any reason; those constraints on Ukraine were unbearable (in July 1932 45% of harvested grain was demanded and gathered up, in November a second requisition was announced and in January 1933 a third). December 6, 1932, in a bulletin from the Political Office on local authority, Ukrainian villages were accused of not supplying their fixed shares and were subjected to the following sanctions: banned from all provisions (of goods and of food), forced requisitions, banned from all trade, confiscation of every financial resource; all of their available grain was ransacked, including grain for sowing.

On December 27, 1932 the obligatory “passport” was imposed, the passport designated internal movements in order to stop desperate escapes to the zones not struck by the famine. On January 22, 1933 another bulletin, signed by Stalin at Molotov, prevented every method of transportation (by the suspension of selling train tickets and blocking streets) to the Ukrainian peasants and of the Northern Caucasus to escape from districts where there was not anything left to eat.

A quarter of the rural population, including men, women, and children, were annihilated by hunger. Often corpses were left on the street and their relatives, also at the end of their life, did not have the strength to bury them. Although in 1933 the Soviet government exported 18 million kilograms of grain and other products, they continued to officially ignore the famine. On March 15, 1933 the distribution of grain was suspended and in April peasants took grain from army depots in villages.  The peasants’ stolen grain would help them in sowing and gathering seeds that, finally, would put an end to the nightmare. The bulletin of the Politburo on December 27, 1932 explained that the objective of the internal passport was “to liquidate the parasite of socialism and to combat the infiltration of Kulak’s in cities”, while the bulletin of January 22, 1933 signed by Stalin in Molotov, referred to “the stop of counter-revolutions” and explained that “The Central Committee and government had the task of stopping the migration of peasants in mass [to the cities in order to escape the famine] organized by the enemies of the Soviet government, by counter-revolutionaries and Polish agents, the purpose of propaganda against the kolkhosiano system in particular and the soviet government in general” (p. 152 The Black Book of Communism).

On May 6th, 1933 Stalin responding with these words to the request of writer Mihail Solohov to send foodstuffs to the exhausted population: “…the respected farmers of his district, and not only his, have led protests and sabotages, and were ready to leave workers and the Red Army without bread! The fact that one commits a silent sabotage yet appears loyal and peaceful (without bloodshed) is a fact that does not change anything about the affair, those respected farmers have searched for a way to depose Soviet power. Causing themselves war with a vengeance, dear Slovak companion!” (p. 154, The Black Book of Communism).

The famine determined to, together with the annihilation of peasants, exterminate the Ukrainian cultural elites and religious and intellectual Ukrainians, all of the categories considered “enemies to socialism”.

On November 29, 2006 Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenk signed a law that defines the Holomodor as an event provoked based on, and then exploited by, precise and provable political decision. The law proclaimed the fourth Saturday of November as a Day of Remembrance in order to commemorate the innocent victims.

On October 23, 2008 the European Parliament approved a resolution condemning the Holomodor as  “appalling crimes against the Ukrainian population and against humanity”.

In the month of November 2008 the Holy Synod of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Patriarch of Moscow defined the Holomodor as an act of genocide. In fact, the Holomodor was recognized as an act of genocide by the governments of: Argentina, Australia, Canada, Estonia, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungry, and the United States.

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Maggie Jones-Tanquary saved to Joseph Stalin, mass murderer.

Stalin’s forced-famine-Ukraine

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Mass deportations to remote parts of the Soviet Union

The deportations added to the death toll. The transportations were a method of killing that was employed by the Soviet government. Transported people were not given food and water on the long journey.

This kind of train was used for mass deportations during the Stalinist period and many people were deported from this site. There were two groups of deported people: Prisoners sent to GULAG camps as slave labours, and deportees who should develop isolated regions, also through hard physical labour.

150,000 people were sent to GULAG camps as prisoners, mainly in Siberia. It is estimated that 20.000-25.000 died in the camps. The deportees sent to isolated regions were mainly “kulaks” and so-called “bandit families” of punished individuals. 136,000 of these people were deported to Siberia, the Arctic zone and Central Asia.

Around 28,000 of them died in exile. After Stalin’s death in 1953, it became possible for many deportees to return to Lithuania in the following decades.

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cattle car deportation 1

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Shocking images: the Russian famine of 1921–22, also known as Povolzhye famine

Video: Shocking images, The Russian famine of 1921–22, also known as Povolzhye famine  Youtube

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Terror under Jewish Bolshevik forced Famine in Russia 1921-23

VIDEO: Terror under Jewish Bolshevik forced Famine in Russia 1921-23  Youtube

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Grain was exported during the famine

From Wikipedia

According to Michael Ellman, 1932–33 grain exports amounted to 1.8 million tonnes, which would have been enough to feed 5 million people for one year.

Extensive export of grain and other food

Some publications claim that after recognition of the famine situation in Ukraine during the drought and poor harvests, the Soviet government in Moscow continued to export grain rather than retain its crop to feed the people[43]  …

Cereals (in tonnes):

  • 1930 – 4,846,024
  • 1931 – 5,182,835
  • 1932 – 1,819,114 (~750,000 during the first half of 1932; from late April ~157,000 tonnes of grain was also imported)
  • 1933 – 1,771,364 (~220,000 during the first half of 1933;[46] from late March grain was also imported[47])

Only wheat (in tonnes):

  • 1930 – 2,530,953
  • 1931 – 2,498,958
  • 1932 – 550,917
  • 1933 – 748,248

In 1932, via Ukrainian commercial ports the following amounts were exported: 988,300 tons of grains and 16,500 tons of other types of cereals. In 1933, the totals were: 809,600 tons of grains, 2,600 tons of other cereals, 3,500 tons of meat, 400 tons of butter, and 2,500 tons of fish. Those same ports imported the following amounts: less than 67,200 tons of grains and cereals in 1932, and 8,600 tons of grains in 1933.

The following amounts were received from other Soviet ports: in 1932, 164,000 tons of grains, 7,300 tons of other cereals, 31,500 tons of [clarification needed], and no more than 177,000 tons of meat and butter; in 1933, 230,000 tons of grains, 15,300 tons if other cereals, 100 tons of meat, 900 tons of butter, and 34,300 tons of fish.

Michael Ellman states that the 1932–33 grain exports amounted to 1.8 million tonnes, which would have been enough to feed 5 million people for one year.[30]

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Images of the famine

All pictures are taken from Wikipedia

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Daily Express, August 6, 1934

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Chicago Americans front page

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Photograph by Alexander Wienerberger, 1933

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Map of depopulation of Ukraine and southern Russia, 1929–33. Territories in white were not part of the USSR during the famine.

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Passers-by and the corpse of a starved man on a street in Kharkiv, 1932

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A “Red Train” of carts from the “Wave of Proletarian Revolution” collective farm in the village of Oleksiyivka, Kharkiv oblast in 1932. “Red Trains” took the first harvest of the season’s crop to the government depots. During the Holodomor, these brigades were part of the Soviet Government’s policy of deliberately taking away food from the peasants.

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Soviet famine of 1932–33. Areas of most disastrous famine marked with black.

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Ukrainian Genocide

Stalin detested Ukrainians for their nationalism and their fierce determination for self-rule. To prevent a resurgence of Ukrainian nationhood, his goal was to eliminate Ukrainians from the face of the earth. USSR soldiers dug up every bit of food hidden in their dirt floors, killed all the wild animals and birds in the forest so the Ukrainians couldn’t eat them, and created the worst famine in the land.

Comparing official Soviet census figures of 1932 to those of 1939, Ukraine had a population loss of 7,465,000 in a 7-year post-war period of peace and rebuilding.

Villagers picked up their dead friends and family off the roads and carted them off to the cemetery, covered them with snow and when spring came, they were able to bury them. The remaining dead were shoveled into mass graves by the Russian soldiers. However, this famine was a big secret. No media rushed to admonish this atrocity. No war crimes were commissioned. No history recorded. The genocide is still denied.

The souls of 10 million Stalin-victims still cry out for justice.

Holodomor 1932-1933

2003 Olga Kaxzmar

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Incidence of disease in Russian Empire and USSR

From Wikipedia

Incidence of disease in Russian Empire and USSR
Year Typhus Typhoid
fever
Relapsing
fever
Smallpox Malaria
1913 120,000 424,000 30,000 67,000 3,600,000
1918–22 1,300,000 293,000 639,000 106,000 2,940,000
1929 40,000 170,000 6,000 8,000 3,000,000
1930 60,000 190,000 5,000 10,000 2,700,000
1931 80,000 260,000 4,000 30,000 3,200,000
1932 220,000 300,000 12,000 80,000 4,500,000
1933 800,000 210,000 12,000 38,000 6,500,000
1934 410,000 200,000 10,000 16,000 9,477,000
1935 120,000 140,000 6,000 4,000 9,924,000
1936 100,000 120,000 3,000 500 6,500,000

Davies & Wheatcroft 2010, p. 512.

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Incidence of births and deaths in USSR

Declassified Soviet statistics (in thousands) [72]
Year Births Deaths Natural
change
1927 1,184 523 661
1928 1,139 496 643
1929 1,081 539 542
1930 1,023 536 487
1931 975 515 460
1932 782 668 114
1933 471 1,850 −1379
1934 571 483 88
1935 759 342 417
1936 895 361 534

Stanislav Kulchytsky, “How many of us perished in Holodomor in 1933”, Zerkalo Nedeli, 23–29 November 2002. Available online “in Russian”. Archived from the original on 21 July 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2003. and “in Ukrainian”. Archived from the original on 5 May 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2003.

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Documentary: “Harvest of Despair”

VIDEO: Harvest Despair  Youtube

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Rothschilds’ CFR & the Ukrainian Holodomor of 1932-1933

VIDEO:  Rothschilds’ CFR & the Ukrainian Holodomor of 1932-1933  Youtube

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Jewish Bolsheviks dominated the early USSR Government

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Holodomor denial

From Wikipedia

Holodomor denial is the assertion that the 1932–1933 genocide in Soviet Ukraine either did not occur or did occur but was not a premeditated act.[106][107] Denying the existence of the famine was the Soviet state’s position and reflected in both Soviet propaganda and the work of some Western journalists and intellectuals including George Bernard Shaw, Walter Duranty and Louis Fischer.[106][108][109][110][111] In the Soviet Union, authorities all but banned discussion of the famine, and Ukrainian historian Stanislav Kulchytsky stated the Soviet government ordered him to falsify his findings and depict the famine as an unavoidable natural disaster, to absolve the Communist Party and uphold the legacy of Stalin.[112]

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American communists attacking a demonstration of Ukrainians against Holodomor, Depression-era Chicago, December 1933

Testimonies of survivors of the Holodomor

Video:  Holodomor: The Holocaust in Ukraine by the Soviet Union 1932-1933   Youtube

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Eyewitness Accounts

From Holodomor 1932-1933: Eyewitness Accounts

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Child victim of Famine/Genocide

“Please return the grain that you have confiscated from me. If you don’t return it I’ll die. I’m 78 years old and I’m incapable of searching for food by myself.”

(From a petition to the authorities by I.A. Rylov)

“I saw the ravages of the famine of 1932-1933 in the Ukraine: hordes of families in rags begging at the railway stations, the women lifting up to the compartment window their starving brats, which, with drumstick limbs, big cadaverous heads and puffed bellies, looked like embryos out of alcohol bottles …”

(as remembered by Arthur Kaestler, a famous British novelist, journalist, and critic. Koestler spent about three months in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv during the Famine. He wrote about his experiences in “The God That Failed”, a 1949 book which collects together six essays with the testimonies of a number of famous ex-Communists, who were writers and journalists.)

Our father used to read the Bible to us, but whenever he came to the passage mentioning ‘bloodless war’ he could not explain to us what that term meant. When in 1933 he was dying from hunger he called us to his deathbed and said “This, children, is what is called bloodless war…”

(as remembered by Hanna Doroshenko)

“What I saw that morning … was inexpressibly horrible. On a battlefield men die quickly, they fight back … Here I saw people dying in solitude by slow degrees, dying hideously, without the excuse of sacrifice for a cause. They had been trapped and left to starve, each in his own home, by a political decision made in a far-off capital around conference and banquet tables. There was not even the consolation of inevitability to relieve the horror.”

(as remembered by Victor Kravchenko, a Soviet defector who wrote up his experiences of life in the Soviet Union and as a Soviet official, especially in his 1946 book “I Chose Freedom”. “I Chose Freedom” containing extensive revelations on collectivization, Soviet prison camps and the use of slave labor came at a time of growing tension between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West. His death from bullet wounds in his apartment remains unclarified, though it was officially ruled a suicide. His son Andrew continues to believe he was the victim of a KGB execution.)

“From 1931 to 1934 we had great harvests. The weather conditions were great. However, all the grain was taken from us. People searched the fields for mice burrows hoping to find measly amounts of grain stored by mice…”

(as remembered by Mykola Karlosh)

“I still get nauseous when I remember the burial hole that all the dead livestock was thrown into. I still remember people screaming by that hole. Driven to madness by hunger people were ripping the meat of the dead animals. The stronger ones were getting bigger pieces. People ate dogs, cats, just about anything to survive.”

(as remembered by Vasil Boroznyak)

“People were dying all over our village. The dogs ate the ones that were not buried. If people could catch the dogs they were eaten. In the neighboring village people ate bodies that they dug up.”

(as remembered by Motrya Mostova)

“I’m asking for your permission to advance me any amount of grain. I’m completely sick. I don’t have any food. I’ve started to swell up and I can hardly move my feet. Please don’t refuse me or it will be too late.”

(From a petition to the authorities by P. Lube)

“In the spring when acacia trees started blooming everyone began eating their flowers. I remember that our neighbor who didn’t have her own acacia tree climbed on ours and I went to tell my mother that she was eating our flowers. My mother only smiled sadly.”

(as remembered by Vasil Demchenko)

“Of our neighbors I remember all the Solveiki family died, all of the Kapshuks, all the Rahachenkos too – and the Yeremo family – three of them, still alive, were thrown into the mass grave…”

(as remembered by Ekaterina Marchenko)

“Where did all bread disappear, I do not really know, maybe they have taken it all abroad. The authorities have confiscated it, removed from the villages, loaded grain into the railway coaches and took it away someplace. They have searched the houses, taken away everything to the smallest thing. All the vegetable gardens, all the cellars were raked out and everything was taken away.

Wealthy peasants were exiled into Siberia even before Holodomor during the “collectivization”. Communists came, collected everything. Children were crying beaten for that with the boots. It is terrifying to recall what happened. It was so dreadful that every day became engraved in my memory. People were lying everywhere as dead flies. The stench was awful. Many of our neighbors and acquaintances from our street died.

I have no idea how I managed to survive and stay alive. In 1933 we tried to survive the best we could. We collected grass, goose-foot, burdocks, rotten potatoes and made pancakes, soups from putrid beans or nettles.

Collected gley from the trees and ate it, ate sparrows, pigeons, cats, dead and live dogs. When there was still cattle, it was eaten first, then – the domestic animals. Some were eating their own children, I would have never been able to eat my child. One of our neighbours came home when her husband, suffering from severe starvation ate their own baby-daughter. This woman went crazy.

People were drinking a lot of water to fill stomachs, that is why the bellies and legs were swollen, the skin was swelling from the water as well. At that time the punishment for a stolen handful of grain was 5 years of prison. One was not allowed to go into the fields, the sparrows were pecking grain, though people were not allowed.”

(From the memories of Olexandra Rafalska, Zhytomir)

“A boy, 9 years old, said: “Mother said, ‘Save yourself, run to town.’ I turned back twice; I could not bear to leave my mother, but she begged and cried, and I finally went for good.”

(Recollected by an observer simply known as Dr. M.M.)

“At that time I lived in the village of Yaressky of the Poltava region. More than a half of the village population perished as a result of the famine. It was terrifying to walk through the village: swollen people moaning and dying. The bodies of the dead were buried together, because there was no one to dig the graves.

There were no dogs and no cats. People died at work; it was of no concern whether your body was swollen, whether you could work, whether you have eaten, whether you could – you had to go and work. Otherwise – you are the enemy of the people.

Many people never lived to see the crops of 1933 and those crops were considerable. A more severe famine, other sufferings were awaiting ahead. Rye was starting to become ripe. Those who were still able made their way to the fields. This road, however, was covered with dead bodies, some could not reach the fields, some ate grain and died right away. The patrol was hunting them down, collecting everything, trampled down the collected spikelets, beat the people, came into their homes, seized everything. What they could not take – they burned.”

(From the memories of Galina Gubenko, Poltava region)

“The famine began. People were eating cats, dogs in the Ros’ river all the frogs were caught out. Children were gathering insects in the fields and died swollen. Stronger peasants were forced to collect the dead to the cemeteries; they were stocked on the carts like firewood, than dropped off into one big pit. The dead were all around: on the roads, near the river, by the fences. I used to have 5 brothers. Altogether 792 souls have died in our village during the famine, in the war years – 135 souls”

(As remembered by Antonina Meleshchenko, village of Kosivka, region of Kyiv)

“I remember Holodomor very well, but have no wish to recall it. There were so many people dying then. They were lying out in the streets, in the fields, floating in the flux. My uncle lived in Derevka – he died of hunger and my aunt went crazy – she ate her own child. At the time one couldn’t hear the dogs barking – they were all eaten up.”

(From the memories of Galina Smyrna, village Uspenka of Dniepropetrovsk region)

Holodomor 1932-1933

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The Real Holocaust: Holodomor

Video:  Holodomor – Hidden Holocaust in Ukraine by Zionist Jews   Youtube

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Causes of the Holodomor famine

From Wikipedia

The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомор) is the name of the famine that ravaged Soviet Ukraine in 1932–1933. Estimates for the total number of casualties within Soviet Ukraine range between 2.2 million and 10 million.[1]

800px-RIAN_archive_79113_Seizing_grain_from_kulaks

Komsomol members seize “grain hidden by kulaks.”

Criminalised gleaning  

Read more: Wikipedia: Causes of the Holodomor

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Solzhenitsyn’s comments on Holodomor

From: Robert Lindsay – see comments section

whodareswings

Someone named Jason posted “THE INCORRECT SIX MILLION” elsewhere. I’m re-posting it here because I’m still not convinced the Holdomor was a natural catastrophe exacerbated by the Ukranians who were then disciplined by Moscow after completely blowing their resistance to Soviet collectivization. Mark Tauber is, like, what? The Ward Churchill of West Virginia University.

THE ‘INCORRECT’ SIX MILLION

Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Nobel Prizewinner and author of The Gulag Archipelago, in a speech in Washington in 1975 had this to say of the Soviet system which was deemed worthy of recognition as one of ‘our’ Allies fighting ‘for Democracy’ against the ‘Dictators’ in WW2:

“This was a system which, in time of peace, artificially created a famine causing SIX MILLION PERSONS to die in the Ukraine between 1932 and 1933. They died on the very threshold of Europe. And Europe didn’t even notice it. The world didn’t even notice it. SIX MILLION PERSONS!”

(Alexander Solzhenitsyn Speaks to the West (197 p 16)

Who were these people, and why was and is their fate unknown to the ordinary man in the street in western countries?

Franklin Roosevelt’s ally and associate Joseph Stalin was the supreme dictator of Russia for almost a quarter of a century, from 1929 until his death in 1953. Born as Iosif Djugashvili, he adopted the very indicative name ‘Stalin’, ‘man of steel’. He lived up to this name in every respect. Soviet Russia under Stalin was a despotic police state that relied on espionage and terror, with a profound gulf in manner of living between the rulers and the ruled.

Stalin’s first Five-Year Plan (1928-1932) sought to bring about the ‘collectivization of agriculture’ in accordance with the ‘abolition of property in land’ put forward in Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto. But back in 1861 Czar Alexander II had liberated 23 million serfs, four years before slavery was abolished in the United States. In the period before the Revolution, millions of these peasants had been enabled to get title to their own individual plots, boosting Russian agricultural productivity. These independent peasant farmers became known as kulaks. When Communism was imposed on Russia, the kulaks as private property owners now stood in the way of the idea of Communism. In 1929 Stalin called for ‘the liquidation of the kulaks’, and their small family farms, animals, implements and crops were declared to belong to the state. “(The Jews) Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev had always argued that the peasant would never surrender enough food voluntarily, and must be coerced and, if need be, crushed” (*Paul Johnson A History of the Modern World (1983) p 26. The Red Army and the GPU secret police were used to implement the policy. All peasants who resisted were treated with violence. A very large number were killed or sent in cattle or freight trains to exile in remote areas in the frozen north or the desert steppes. Rather than give up their animals to the collective farms, many peasants killed and ate them. As a result, the number of farm animals in the Soviet Union was catastrophically reduced:

1928
1933

Cattle
30,7 million
19,6 million

Sheep and goats
146,7 million
50,2 million

Hogs
26 million
12,1 million

Horses
33,5 million
16,6 million

(*Quigley, Tragedy and Hope, p 39.

The peasants stopped farming on ground that suddenly, officially, no longer belonged to them. As a result, food production decreased drastically. After a while, the cities started running out of food. Orders were given for grain to be confiscated from the peasants, whether they had sufficient for themselves and their families or not. Those caught trying to reserve food for their families were ‘severely dealt with’. By the winter of 1932-3, virtually no food was left in the countryside. By early March 1933, ‘death on a mass scale really began’ (Robert Conquest, The Harvest of Sorrow (1986) p243). The main farming areas of Russia, in the regions of the Ukraine and North Caucasus, were utterly devastated. Millions of people were forced to eat anything that was available, mice, rats, birds, grass, nettles, bark and even cats and dogs, but even then did not survive. It was a time of great and terrible hunger, a catastrophic man-made famine.

The American journalist Eugene Lyons was sent to Russia in 1928 as chief correspondent for the United Press agency. Arriving as an enthusiastic communist, he was able to experience the Soviet experiment at first hand. He became extremely disillusioned. He described the famine in his book Assignment in Utopia (published in 1937) in the following terms:

“Hell broke loose in seventy thousand Russian villages.. A population as large as all of Switzerland’s or Denmark’s was stripped clean of all their belongings.. They were herded with bayonets at railroad stations, packed indiscriminately into cattle cars and freight cars and dumped weeks later in the lumber regions of the frozen North, the deserts of central Asia, wherever labor was needed, there to live or die..”. The number of people that died is unknown, but the famine alone is estimated conservatively to have been responsible for 6 million deaths, almost half of them children (*Conquest, p 303-4). Other millions died from the killings and sickness as a result of the deportations (*p 304-7). At the famous Yalta conference in 1945, Winston Churchill was able to question his friend and fellow ally Stalin about the process. Stalin said ‘ten million’ had been ‘dealt with’, but that it had been ‘absolutely necessary’. Churchill records that he ‘sustained the strong impression of millions of men and women being blotted out or displaced forever’ (*Churchill, The Second World War, vol. IV p44. However Churchill – thank God for Winston Churchill – had no further comment to make on the matter. Controlling the agenda is always so important!

Lyons, himself Jewish, credits the Jewish commissar Lazar Kaganovich with the major portion of responsibility for this major crime against humanity:

“Lazar Kaganovich… it was his mind that invented the Political Departments to lead collectivized agriculture, his iron hand that applied Bolshevik mercilessness.” (*Lyons, p 57. The Encyclopaedia Britannica says tersely, “(Kaganovich) was one of the small group of Stalin’s top advisors pushing for very high rates of collectivization after 1929.. Within the Politburo, Kaganovich and Molotov led the opposition to Kirov’s proposed concessions to the peasantry and to his attempts to relax the harshness of Stalin’s control.. (Kaganovich) opposed Krushchev’s de-Stalinization..”. Kaganovich died at the ripe old age of 98 in 1991 (Encl. Brit.), ethnically safe from pursuit by the Israeli secret service, the Simon Wiesenthal organization, the New York media-intelligentsia or other hunters of real or imagined war criminals or human rights violators.

The suffering caused by the great man-made famine was covered by some reports in newspapers in Britain, Europe and the United States. Books dating from before World War Two can still be found in second-hand bookshops which describe the ferocity… Arthur Koestler, Soviet Myth and Reality in The Yogi and the Commissar (1945) Muggeridge, Lyons, Chamberlin… Yet this episode has been completely, entirely, totally ignored by our guardians of history, morality and political correctness…

NO MEMORIAL EXISTS IN WASHINGTON DC

(obviously) to record the indescribable scale of human suffering which resulted, undoubtedly because such a high burden of responsibility for it lies with the Jew Kaganovitch, and because the victims were not Jewish. No chance exists for such a monument, according to a private consensus, owing to certain political realities.

This six million is the ‘incorrect’ six million, because their inconvenient story is not and has not been useful to today’s elite. The tribal affiliations of the chief perpetrator (Jew) and the victims (non-Jews) are the wrong ones, not fitting into the ‘correct’ pattern.

According to Solzhenitsyn in the eighty years that preceded the Revolution in Russia, – years of revolutionary activity, uprisings and the assassination of a Czar, an average of ten persons a year were executed. After the Revolution, in 1918 and 1919, according to the figures of the Cheka, the secret police itself – more than a thousand persons were executed per month without trial. In 1937-8, at the height of Stalin’s terror, more than 40 000 persons were executed per month. (*Solzhenitsyn p17).

Millions of persons were executed or sent to labour camps. In his magnum opus The Gulag Archipelago, Solzhenitsyn credits Naftaly Frenkel, a ‘Turkish-born Jew’, with being works chief / chief overseer of the one-hundred-and-forty-mile-long Belomor (Baltic-White Sea) canal, built entirely with slave labour (paperback edition, vol 2 p 72). Solzhenitsyn quotes the official Soviet history of the project which describes Frenkel as having ‘..the eyes of an interrogator and prosecutor.. A man with enormous love of power and pride, for whom the main thing is unlimited power. If it is necessary for him to be feared, then let him be feared. He spoke harshly to the engineers, attempting to humiliate them.’ (ibid p 75). Other Jews were also involved in influential positions. Yakov Rappoport was deputy chief of construction (p 7 and Matvei Berman was the Chief of Gulag (p 79). Frenkel, Berman and Rappoport are amongst six men described by Solzhenitsyn as ‘hired murderers’, ‘each of whom accounted for thirty thousand lives’ (p 91). Is Solzhenitsyn alone in his accusations? Why are these names generally unknown to ordinary citizens in the West?

“The major role Jewish leaders played in the November (Russian) revolution was probably more important than any other factor in confirming (Hitler’s) anti-Semitic beliefs.” (J&S Pool, Who Financed Hitler, p.164).

“There has been a tendency to circumvent or simply ignore the significant role of Jewish intellectuals in the German Communist Party, and thereby seriously neglect one of the genuine and objective reasons for increased anti-Semitism during and after World War 1.. The prominence of Jews in the revolution and early Weimar Republic is indisputable, and this was a very serious contributing cause for increased anti-Semitism in post-war years.. It is clear then that the stereotype of Jews as socialists and communists.. led many Germans to distrust the Jewish minority as a whole and to brand Jews as enemies of the German nation.” (Sarah Gordon Hitler, Germans and the ‘Jewish Question’ Princeton University Press (1984) p 23).

“The second paroxysm of strong anti-Semitism came after the critical role of Jews in International Communism and the Russian Revolution and during the economic crises of the 1920s and 30s… Anti-Semitism intensified throughout Europe and North America following the perceived and actual centrality of Jews in the Russian Revolution.. Such feelings were not restricted to Germany, or to vulgar extremists like the Nazis. All over Northern Europe and North America, anti-Semitism became the norm in ‘nice society’, and ‘nice society’ included the universities.” (Bernal, Black Athena vol. 1 pp. 367, 387).

“To many outside observers, the Russian revolution looked like a Jewish conspiracy, especially when it was followed by Jewish-led revolutionary outbreaks in much of central Europe. The leadership of the Bolshevik Party had a preponderance of Jews and included Litvinov (real name Wallach), Liadov (Mandelshtam), Shklovsky, Saltz, Gusev (Drabkin), Zemliachka (Salkind), Helena Rozmirovich, Serafima Gopner, Yaroslavsky (Gubelman), Yaklovlev (Epstein), Riaznov (Goldendach), Uritsky and Larin. Of the seven members of the Politburo, the inner cabinet of the country, four, Trotsky (Bronstein), Zinoviev (Radomsky), Kamenev (Rosenfeld) and Sverdlov, were Jews.”

When Lenin died in 1924, Zinoviev – the first chairman of the Communist International – formed a triumvirate with Kamenev and Stalin to govern Russia. This ‘Troika’ as it was known was formed to keep Trotsky from the succession. Stalin was the only one of the three members of the Troika who was not Jewish. “Though Zinoviev and Kamenev feared Trotsky as too militant and extreme, they shared his belief in permanent revolution, which Stalin did not. Russia had been in almost continuous turmoil for twenty years and had suffered revolutions and counter-revolutions, war, invasions and a pitiless and drawn-out civil war. There were limits to which the endurance of a people could be stretched. The Russians wanted to bury their dead and resume what they could of normal life. Stalin understood this. Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev (the three Jews) did not.”

“Jews had a prominent role in Communist parties elsewhere..” (Chaim Bermant, The Jews (1977)).

_______________________________

Why is there Holodomor denial by the media and many governments?

Putin: First Soviet government was mostly Jewish

Speaking at Moscow’s Jewish Museum, Russian president says politicians ‘were guided by false ideological considerations’

June 19, 2013

JTA — Russian President Vladimir Putin said that at least 80 percent of the members of the first Soviet government were Jewish.

“I thought about something just now: The decision to nationalize this library was made by the first Soviet government, whose composition was 80-85 percent Jewish,” Putin said June 13 during a visit to Moscow’s Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center.

Putin was referencing the library of Rabbi Joseph I. Schneerson, the late leader of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement. The books, which are claimed by Chabad representatives in the United States, began being moved to the museum in Moscow this month.

According to the official transcription of Putin’s speech at the museum, he went on to say that the politicians on the predominantly Jewish Soviet government “were guided by false ideological considerations and supported the arrest and repression of Jews, Russian Orthodox Christians, Muslims and members of other faiths. They grouped everyone into the same category.

“Thankfully, those ideological goggles and faulty ideological perceptions collapsed. And today, we are essentially returning these books to the Jewish community with a happy smile.”

Widely seen as the first Soviet government, the Council of People’s Commissars was formed in 1917 and comprised 16 leaders, including chairman Vladimir Lenin, foreign affairs chief Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin, who was in charge of the People’s Commissariat of Nationalities.

Times of Israel

solzhenitsyn-bolsheviks

Jews and Bolshevism

Amongst themselves, the Jews are quite candid about their sympathy for and involvement in Bolshevism.

[…]

The most detailed description of Jewish influence in the Bolshevik ‘revolution comes from Robert Wilton, the Russian correspondent of The Times. In 1920 he published a book in French, Les Derniers Jours des Romanofs, which gave the racial background of all the members of the Soviet government. (This does not appear in the later English translation, for some odd reason.) After the publication of this monumental work, Wilton was ostracised by the press, and he died in poverty in 1925. He reported that the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party was made up as follows:

NAME NATIONALITY
Bronstein (Trotsky) Jew
Apfelbaum (Zinovief) Jew
Lourie (Larine) Jew
Ouritski Jew
Volodarski Jew
Rosenfeldt (Kamanef) Jew
Smidovitch Jew
Sverdlof (Yankel) Jew
Nakhamkes (Steklof) Jew
Ulyanov (Lenin) Russian
Krylenko Russian
Lounatcharski Russian

“The Council of the People’s Commissars comprises the following:

MINISTRY NAME NATIONALITY
President Ulyanov (Lenin) Russian
Foreign Affairs Tchitcherine Russian
Nationalities Djugashvili (Stalin) Georgian
Agriculture Protian Armenian
Economic Council Lourie (Larine) Jew
Food Schlichter Jew
Army & Navy Bronstein (Trotsky) Jew
State Control Lander Jew
State Lands Kauffman Jew
Works V. Schmidt Jew
Social Relief E. Lelina (Knigissen) Jewess
Public Instruction Lounatcharsky Russian
Religions Spitzberg Jew
Interior Apfelbaum (Zinovief) Jew
Hygiene Anvelt Jew
Finance Isidore Goukovski Jew
Press Volodarski Jew
Elections Ouritski Jew
Justice I. Steinberg Jew
Refugees Fenigstein Jew
Refugees (assist.) Savitch Jew
Refugees (assist.) Zaslovski Jew

“The following is the list of members of the Central Executive Committee:

NAME NATIONALITY
Sverdlov (president) Jew
Avanessof (sec.) Armenian
Bruno Lett
Babtchinski Jew
Bukharin Russian
Weinberg Jew
Gailiss Jew
Ganzburg Jew
Danichevski Jew
Starck German
Sachs Jew
Scheinmann Jew
Erdling Jew
Landauer Jew
Linder Jew
Wolach Czech
Dimanstein Jew
Encukidze Georgian
Ermann Jew
Joffe Jew
Karkline Jew
Knigissen Jew
Rosenfeldt (Kamenef) Jew
Apfelbaum (Zinovief) Jew
Krylenko Russian
KrassikofSachs Jew
Kaprik Jew
Kaoul Lett
Ulyanov (lenin) Russian
Latsis Jew
Lander Jew
Lounatcharski Russian
Peterson Lett
Peters Lett
Roudzoutas Jew
Rosine Jew
Smidovitch Jew
Stoutchka Lett
Nakhamkes (Steklof) Jew
Sosnovski Jew
Skrytnik Jew
Bronstein (Trotsky) Jew
Teodorovitch Jew
Terian Armenian
Ouritski Jew
Telechkine Russian
Feldmann Jew
Froumkine Jew
Souriupa Ukranian
Tchavtchevadze Georgian
Scheikmann Jew
Rosental Jew
Achkinazi Imeretian
Karakhane Karaim (Jew)
Rose Jew
Sobelson (Radek) Jew
Sclichter Jew
Schikolini Jew
Chklianski Jew
Levine (Pravdine) Jew

“The following is the list of members of the Extraordinary Commission of Moscow:

NAME NATIONALITY
Dzerjinski (president) Pole
Peters (vice-president) Lett
Chklovski Jew
Kheifiss Jew
Zeistine Jew
Razmirovitch Jew
Kronberg Jew
Khaikina Jewess
Karlson Lett
Schaumann Jew
Leontovitch Jew
Jacob Goldine Jew
Glaperstein Jew
Kniggisen Jew
Latzis Lett
Schillenkuss Jew
Janson Lett
Rivkine Jew
Antonof Russian
Delafabre Jew
Tsitkine Jew
Roskirovitch Jew
G. Sverdlof Jew
Biesenski Jew
Blioumkine Jew
Alexandrevitch Russian
I. Model Jew
Routenberg Jew
Pines Jew
Sachs Jew
Daybol Lett
Saissoune Armenian
Deylkenen Lett
Liebert Jew
Vogel German
Zakiss Lett

Read more at:  Heretical.com

_______________________________

Soviet Government ordered famine-producing measures

Link

Translation:

Grain Problem


Addendum to the minutes of Politburo [meeting] No. 93.

RESOLUTION OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN
SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC AND OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE
COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE ON BLACKLISTING VILLAGES
THAT MALICIOUSLY SABOTAGE THE COLLECTION OF GRAIN.

     In view of the shameful collapse of grain collection in the
more remote regions of Ukraine, the Council of People's
Commissars and the Central Committee call upon the oblast
executive committees and the oblast [party] committees as well as 
the raion executive committees and the raion [party] committees: 
to break up the sabotage of grain collection, which has been
organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements; to
liquidate the resistance of some of the rural communists, who in
fact have become the leaders of the sabotage; to eliminate the
passivity and complacency toward the saboteurs, incompatible with
being a party member; and to ensure, with maximum speed, full and
absolute compliance with the plan for grain collection.

     The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee
resolve:

     To place the following villages on the black list for overt
disruption of the grain collection plan and for malicious
sabotage, organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements:

   1. village of Verbka in Pavlograd raion, Dnepropetrovsk
oblast.

   ...

   5. village of Sviatotroitskoe in Troitsk raion, Odessa oblast.

   6. village of Peski in Bashtan raion, Odessa oblast.

     The following measures should be undertaken with respect to
these villages :

     1.  Immediate cessation of delivery of goods, complete
suspension of cooperative and state trade in the villages, and
removal of all available goods from cooperative and state stores.

     2.  Full prohibition of collective farm trade for both
collective farms and collective farmers, and for private farmers.

     3.  Cessation of any sort of credit and demand for early
repayment of credit and other financial obligations.  
                         
     4.  Investigation and purge of all sorts of foreign and
hostile elements from cooperative and state institutions, to be
carried out by organs of the Workers and Peasants Inspectorate.

     5.  Investigation and purge of collective farms in these
villages, with removal of counterrevolutionary elements and
organizers of grain collection disruption.

     The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee
call upon all collective and private farmers who are honest and
dedicated to Soviet rule to organize all their efforts for a
merciless struggle against kulaks and their accomplices in order
to:  defeat in their villages the kulak sabotage of grain
collection; fulfill honestly and conscientiously their grain
collection obligations to the Soviet authorities; and strengthen
collective farms.

                     CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S          
                     COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST 
                     REPUBLIC - V. CHUBAR'.

                     SECRETARY OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE    
                     COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE - S.  
                     KOSIOR.

6 December 1932. 

                     True copy     


Original

k3grain.gif

_________________________________

Massive exports from Ukraine during the famine

euromaidanpress

Documents show massive export of products from Ukraine during Holodomor

2015/11/26

The once-secret documents from the Russian State Archives of Economy have been posted online in the Electronic Archive of the Liberation Movement Research Centre on the eve of the 82nd anniversary of the Holodomor.

The documents classified ‘Top Secret’ and “Confidential” from the Russian State Archives of Economics (Moscow) on the export of various products from Ukraine during the Holodomor have been published online. Most of the products were exported to Germany, England, Holland, Denmark and Poland. Historians say that these 252 documents are key testimonials to understanding the scope of food export from the Soviet Union, especially from famine-wracked Ukraine.

Professor Gennady Boryak, Doctor of History, deputy director of the Institute of History of Ukraine:

“Even a cursory review of these documents allows us to see the terrifying exploitation of Ukrainian regions, which were turned into territories of death in 1932-1933. The Plan for exporting products from Ukraine in 1933 was estimated at 107 mln. rubles. and was fulfilled by 85%. Compared to 1932, export of products increased by 24%! A particularly significant increase was observed in the food sector – the plan was executed by 126%. The Plan of Plodexport (fruit export) was quite substantial, reaching 137.8%!”

Tons of apples, tomato paste (according to reports, it accounted for 2/3 of all products exported abroad particularly in the fourth quarter of 1932), and barrels of Nizhyn pickles were exported during the Holodomor. In other reports, we read the following cynical statements: “Honey production in Ukraine in 1933 … was exceptionally good, which explains the important over-fulfillment of the Plan …”

The documents show that Germany received the largest shipments of products in 1932-1933. Many exports also went to the UK, the Netherlands, Denmark and Poland. “Vegetables were exported mainly to England and Afghanistan, tomato paste – to Germany and Estonia, milk – to Mongolia, peas to Holland.” says the historian.

Most of the documents come from the archives of the People’s Commissariat of Foreign Trade (file 413), some from the People’s Commissariat for Food Supplies (file 8043) and the Russian State Archive of Economics (Moscow).

Documents are available at the E-archives of the Liberation Movement Research Centre: http://avr.org.ua/index.php/Ust/169/?a=1

The Electronic Archive was opened in March 2013 avr.org.ua. It is a joint project of the Liberation Movement Research Centre, the Ivan Franko Lviv University and the National Museum Prison on Lonskoho . 23,103 copies of documents are currently available at the E-archive. The mission of our project – making the past accessible.

doc1-holodomor-document-export-bdr.jpg

Export of various products in September 1932

Translated by: Christine Chraibi
Source: Liberation Movement Research Centre

Reproduced from euromaidanpress.com

________________________________

Book: “The Harvest of Sorrow”

This is a book about the Holodomor by Robert Conquest

harvest of sorrow

Reader’s review

“… in the Ukraine and adjacent Cossack areas in southern Russia, the Bolsheviks killed nearly twice as many peasants—totaling more than all deaths in WWI. The late English historian Robert Conquest devoted much of his life to finding, rigorously documenting, and publishing the truth regarding what transpired in the Soviet Union between WWI and WWII. One of his most powerful treatises is Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine (New York: Oxford University Press, c. 1986). The book’s title is taken from “The Armament of Igor,” a poem lamenting that: “The black earth / Was sown with bones / And watered with blood / For a harvest of sorrow / On the land of Rus.’”

For many centuries Russian peasants were serfs—working the land of aristocratic landowners who often exploited them. Reform movements in the 19th century, much like anti-slave movements in America, led to their liberation in the 1860s. While certainly harsh by modern standards, their lot slowly improved, though like sharecroppers following the Civil War in America they were generally landless and impoverished in a nation firmly controlled by the Tsar and aristocracy. Thus the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 was initially welcomed by peasants who often seized and carved up the large estates they worked on, hoping for the better life promised by the upheaval. Yet they “‘turned a completely deaf ear to ideas of Socialism’” (p. 44). As Boris Pasternak made clear, in a passage in Doctor Zhivago: “‘The peasant knows very well what he wants, better than you or I do . . . . When the revolution came and woke him up, he decided that this was the fulfillment of his dreams, his ancient dream of living anarchically on his own land by the work of his hands, in complete independence and without owing anything to anyone. Instead of that, he found the had only exchanged the old oppression of the Czarist state for the new, much harsher yoke of the revolutionary super-state’” (p. 52).

Realizing that the innate love of farmers for land ownership and free markets militated against his totalizing ideology, Lenin noted that he would ultimately “‘have to engage in the most decisive, ruthless struggle against them’” (p. 45). He’d found that Communists such as himself knew little about economics—as was evident when he tried to abolish money and banking—and quickly launched the New Economic Policy, effectively restoring important aspects of capitalism. He also had to find effective ways to encourage agricultural productivity, so he delayed collectivizing agriculture in the 1920s. By the end of that decade, however, Joseph Stalin had seized sufficient power to undertake the radical restructuring of Russian agriculture. A 1928 grain crisis prompted Party bureaucrats to mandate production quotas, taxes and distribution mechanisms. They also needed scapegoats to blame and signaled out the best, hardest working and most prosperous farmers (the kulaks who owned a few acres and a handful of animals and even hired laborers as needed) who seemed to qualify as closet capitalists and “wreckers.” As Stalin declared: “‘We have gone over from a policy of limiting the exploiting tendencies of the kulak to a policy of liquidating the kulak as a class’” (p. 115).

Stalin and the Soviet Politburo established the All Union People’s Commissariat of Agriculture, staffed by alleged “experts,” which was authorized to push the peasants into collectives and set utterly utopian, ludicrous goals for yearly harvests. Such policies (part of Stalin’s Five Year Plan) led to an “epoch of dekulakization, of collectivization, and of the terror-famine; of war against the Soviet peasantry, and later against the Ukrainian nation. It may be seen as none of the most significant, as well as one of the most dreadful, periods of modern times” (p. 116). Farmers who failed to meet their quotas or “hoarded” grain (even seed grain!) were arrested and resettled in remote regions if not shot or sent to camps. Conquest documented, in mind-numbing, heart-rending detail, this deliberate destruction of those who stood in the way of Stalin’s grand socialistic agenda. To the Party, in the words of a novelist, “‘Not one of them was guilty of anything; but they belonged to a class that was guilty of everything’” (p. 143). And in the “class struggle” intrinsic to Marxist analysis, evil classes must be destroyed. Sifting through all the documents available to him, Conquest estimates that at least fourteen million peasants perished. “Comparable to the deaths in the major wars of our time,” Stalin’s “harvest of sorrow” may rightly be called genocide.

Above all, Stalin targeted the peasants of the Ukraine, the Don and Kuban, where a massive famine transpired in the early ‘30s. Party activists (generally dispatched from the cities and lacking any knowledge of agriculture) presided over the process. One of them recalled: “‘With the rest of my generation I firmly believed that the ends justified the means. Our great goal was the universal triumph of Communism, and for the sake of that goal everything was permissible—to lie, to steal, to destroy hundreds of thousands and even millions of people, all those who were hindering our work or could hinder it, everyone who stood in the way’” (p. 233). One of the few Western journalists daring to discern and tell the truth, Malcolm Muggeridge, said: “‘I saw something of the battle that is going on between the government and the peasants. The battlefield is as desolate as nay war and stretches wider; stretches over a large part of Russia. One the one side, millions of starving peasants, their bodies often swollen from lack of food; on the other, soldier members of the GPU carrying out the instruction of the dictatorship of the proletariat. They have gone over the country like a swarm of locusts and taken away everything edible; they had shot or exiled thousands of peasants, sometimes whole villages; they had reduced some of the most fertile land in the world to a melancholy desert’” (p. 260).

Consequently, Soviet agriculture imploded. In 1954 the Nikita Khrushchev admitted that despite the more highly-mechanized farming techniques in the collectives “Soviet agriculture was producing less grain per capita and few cattle absolutely than had been achieved by the muzhik with his wooden plough under Tsarism forty years earlier” (p. 187). And what’s true for agriculture is true for the rest of the USSR under Communist rule—socialism inevitably destroys whatever it controls.”

Review from Amazon

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HOLODOMOR :  The famine-genocide of Ukraine, 1932-1933

Ukraine, that was known worldwide as the breadbasket of Europe, was being ravaged by a man-made famine of unprecedented scale. 28,000 people were dying of starvation every day.

70th_Anniversary_holodomor

Stalin and his followers were determined to teach Ukraine’s farmers “a lesson they would not forget” for resisting collectivization.

Moreover, the famine was meant to deal “a crushing blow” to any aspirations for independence from the Soviet Union by the Ukrainians, 80 percent of whom worked the land.

While millions of people in Ukraine and elsewhere dying, the Soviet Union continued to deny the famine was happening, and exported enough grain from Ukraine to have fed the entire population (the exported grain could have fed 5 million people).

For 50 years, surviving generations were forbidden to speak of it, until the Soviet Union was near collapse. The Soviet Union was a repressive government. Mentioning the famine could earn one a trip to the gulag or execution center.

Adapted from: Holodomor 1932-1933

_______________________________

Trotsky’s response to famine of 1921

leon-trotsky.png

In 1921, messengers representing starving European peasants asked Trotsky for help. He said this:

“You are starving? This is not famine yet, when your woman start eating their children then you may come and say we are starving.”

Holodomor_Remembrance_Day_2013_in_Lviv_18

Candles and wheat as a symbol of remembrance during the Holodomor Remembrance Day 2013 in Lviv

______________________________________

From Wikipedia

Incidence of disease in Russian Empire and USSR
Year Typhus Typhoid
fever
Relapsing
fever
Smallpox Malaria
1913 120,000 424,000 30,000 67,000 3,600,000
1918–22 1,300,000 293,000 639,000 106,000 2,940,000
1929 40,000 170,000 6,000 8,000 3,000,000
1930 60,000 190,000 5,000 10,000 2,700,000
1931 80,000 260,000 4,000 30,000 3,200,000
1932 220,000 300,000 12,000 80,000 4,500,000
1933 800,000 210,000 12,000 38,000 6,500,000
1934 410,000 200,000 10,000 16,000 9,477,000
1935 120,000 140,000 6,000 4,000 9,924,000
1936 100,000 120,000 3,000 500 6,500,000

Davies & Wheatcroft 2010, p. 512.

Holodomor Facts and History:

Holodomor: approximate pronunciation: ‘huh-luh-duh-more’

BRIEF SUMMARY

The term Holodomor refers specifically to the brutal artificial famine imposed by Stalin’s regime on Soviet Ukraine and primarily ethnically Ukrainian areas in the Northern Caucasus in 1932-33.

In its broadest sense, it is also used to describe the Ukrainian genocide that began in 1929 with the massive waves of deadly deportations of Ukraine’s most successful farmers (kurkuls, or kulaks, in Russian) as well as the deportations and executions of Ukraine’s religious, intellectual and cultural leaders, culminating in the devastating forced famine that killed millions more innocent individuals. The genocide in fact continued for several more years with the further destruction of Ukraine’s political leadership, the resettlement of Ukraine’s depopulated areas with other ethnic groups, the prosecution of those who dared to speak of the famine publicly, and the consistent blatant denial of famine by the Soviet regime.

1917

The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin take power in Russia.

1922

The Soviet Union is formed with Ukraine becoming one of the republics.

1924

After Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin ascends to power.

1928

Stalin introduces a program of agricultural collectivization that forces farmers to give up their private land, equipment and livestock, and join state owned, factory-like collective farms. Stalin decides that collective farms would not only feed the industrial workers in the cities but could also provide a substantial amount of grain to be sold abroad, with the money used to finance his industrialization plans.

1929

Many Ukrainian farmers, known for their independence, still refuse to join the collective farms, which they regarded as similar to returning to the serfdom of earlier centuries. Stalin introduces a policy of “class warfare” in the countryside in order to break down resistance to collectivization. The successful farmers, or kurkuls, (kulaks, in Russian) are branded as the class enemy, and brutal enforcement by regular troops and secret police is used to “liquidate them as a class.” Eventually anyone who resists collectivization is considered a kurkul.

1930

1.5 million Ukrainians fall victim to Stalin’s “dekulakization” policies, Over the extended period of collectivization, armed dekulakization brigades forcibly confiscate land, livestock and other property, and evict entire families. Close to half a million individuals in Ukraine are dragged from their homes, packed into freight trains, and shipped to remote, uninhabited areas such as Siberia where they are left, often without food or shelter. A great many, especially children, die in transit or soon thereafter.

1932-1933

The Soviet government sharply increases Ukraine’s production quotas, ensuring that they could not be met. Starvation becomes widespread. In the summer of 1932, a decree is implemented that calls for the arrest or execution of any person – even a child — found taking as little as a few stalks of wheat or any possible food item from the fields where he worked. By decree, discriminatory voucher systems are implemented, and military blockades are erected around many Ukrainian villages preventing the transport of food into the villages and the hungry from leaving in search of food. Brigades of young activists from other Soviet regions are brought in to sweep through the villages and confiscate hidden grain, and eventually any and all food from the farmers’ homes. Stalin states of Ukraine that “the national question is in essence a rural question” and he and his commanders determine to “teach a lesson through famine” and ultimately, to deal a “crushing blow” to the backbone of Ukraine, its rural population.

1933

By June, at the height of the famine, people in Ukraine are dying at the rate of 30,000 a day, nearly a third of them are children under 10. Between 1932-34, approximately 4 million deaths are attributed to starvation within the borders of Soviet Ukraine. This does not include deportations, executions, or deaths from ordinary causes. Stalin denies to the world that there is any famine in Ukraine, and continues to export millions of tons of grain, more than enough to have saved every starving man, woman and child.

kharkiv-holodomor.jpg

A Corpse of a Famine Victim on the streets of Kharkiv, 1933.

Uncovering the Truth:

“Any report of a famine in Russia is today an exaggeration or malignant propaganda. There is no actual starvation or deaths from starvation but there is widespread mortality from diseases due to malnutrition.”
(as reported by the New York Times correspondent and Pulitzer-prize winner Walter Duranty)

Denial of the famine by Soviet authorities was echoed at the time of the famine by some prominent Western journalists, like Walter Duranty. The Soviet Union adamantly refused any outside assistance because the regime officially denied that there was any famine. Anyone claiming the contrary was accused of spreading anti-Soviet propaganda. Outside the Soviet Union, Western governments adopted a passive attitude toward the famine, although most of them had become aware of the true suffering in Ukraine through confidential diplomatic channels.

In fact, in November 1933, the United States, under newly elected president Franklin D. Roosevelt, chose to formally recognized Stalin’s Communist government and also negotiated a sweeping new trade agreement. The following year, the pattern of denial in the West culminated with the admission of the Soviet Union into the League of Nations. Stalin’s Five-Year Plans for the modernization of the Soviet Union depended largely on the purchase of massive amounts of manufactured goods and technology from Western nations. Those nations were unwilling to disrupt lucrative trade agreements with the Soviet Union in order to pursue the matter of the famine.

In the ensuing decades, Ukrainian émigré groups sought acknowledgment of this tragic, massive genocide, but with little success. Not until the late 1980’s, with the publication of eminent scholar Robert Conquest’s “Harvest of Sorrow,” the report of the US Commission on the Ukraine Famine, and the findings of the International Commission of Inquiry into the 1932–33 Famine in Ukraine, and the release of the eye-opening documentary “Harvest of Despair,” did greater world attention come to bear on this event. In Soviet Ukraine, of course, the Holodomor was kept out of official discourse until the late 1980’s, shortly before Ukraine won its independence in 1991. With the fall of the Soviet Union, previously inaccessible archives, as well as the long suppressed oral testimony of Holodomor survivors living in Ukraine, have yielded massive evidence offering incontrovertible proof of Ukraine’s tragic famine genocide of the 1930’s.

On November 28th 2006, the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament of Ukraine) passed a decree defining the Holodomor as a deliberate Act of Genocide. Although the Russian government continues to call Ukraine’s depiction of the famine a “one-sided falsification of history,” it is recognized as genocide by approximately two dozen nations, and is now the focus of considerable international research and documentation.

Holodomor

___________________________________

References and Further Reading

Holodomor Basic Facts  http://holodomor.ca/holodomor-basic-facts/

THE FAMINE/GENOCIDE IN UKRAINE “THE HOLODOMOR, 1932-1933″  http://www.faminegenocide.com/kuryliw/the_ukrainian_genocide.htm

The Holodomor, 1932-1933: A Ukrainian Genocide  http://www.faminegenocide.com/resources/hessay.htm

The Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-1933 AS AN INSTRUMENT OF SOVIET NATIONALITIES POLICY   http://www.holodomoreducation.org/index.php/id/190

Wikipedia: Causes of the Holodomor  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Causes_of_the_Holodomor

Droughts and famines in Russia and the Soviet Union  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Droughts_and_famines_in_Russia_and_the_Soviet_Union

Lazar Kaganovich  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lazar_Kaganovich

Soviet famine of 1932-1933:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_famine_of_1932%E2%80%9333

Revelations from the Soviet Archives: Ukrainian Famine  https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/ukra.html

Wikipedia: Holodomor  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holodomor

Jews and Bolshevism  http://www.heretical.com/miscellx/bolshies.html

Holodomor Facts and History  http://www.holodomorct.org/history.html

_______________________________

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