Video – Holodomor
Note: I doubt the authenticity of some of the footage, but even if parts of the video are dramatizations and some of the pictures of the starving are not of Ukrainians but of Indians, etc, overall, the stories told in the pictures fit with the descriptions by survivors and reporters who witnessed the famine taking place in Ukraine.
Holodomor is a man-made famine that killed an estimated 7 million Ukrainians. The author of “Harvest of Sorrow”, Robert Conquest, says the true figure is 14 million, more than the total of the deaths in all nations in WWI. In addition to the Holodomor, the communist government launched a campaign of Red Terror against the Ukrainians, involving arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and execution, as well as transport to the gulags to die of over-work and abuse, and expulsion to far-off lands, where many were expected to survive on their own in the wilderness, and no food or water given to them during the weeks’ long journey.
“We have gone over … to a policy of liquidating the kulak as a class”
Book: “The Harvest of Sorrow”
This is a book about the Holodomor by Robert Conquest
Editorial review in Amazon site
“The Harvest of Sorrow is the first full history of one of the most horrendous human tragedies of the 20th century. Between 1929 and 1932 the Soviet Communist Party struck a double blow at the Russian peasantry: dekulakization, the dispossession and deportation of millions of peasant families, and collectivization, the abolition of private ownership of land and the concentration of the remaining peasants in party-controlled “collective” farms. This was followed in 1932-33 by a “terror-famine,” inflicted by the State on the collectivized peasants of the Ukraine and certain other areas by setting impossibly high grain quotas, removing every other source of food, and preventing help from outside–even from other areas of the Soviet Union–from reaching the starving populace. The death toll resulting from the actions described in this book was an estimated 14.5 million–more than the total number of deaths for all countries in World War I.”
The architect of Holodomor: Lazar Kaganovich
Lazar Kaganovich with Joseph Stalin (real name of Stalin: Dzhugashvili). Lazar Kaganovich (left) played a role in enforcing Stalin’s policies that led to the Holodomor.
VIDEO: Holodomor film
Video: Holodomorinfo advertisement Youtube
“Food is a weapon”
“Food is a weapon”: Maxim Litvinov, 1921 (RSFSR Deputy Commissar of Foreign Affairs)
Starved peasants on a street in Kharkiv, 1933
Hungry and neglected children — the so-called “Besprisornyje” (“the waifs”)
Dead child, a victim of the Famine Genocide in Kharkiv. Ukraine, 1933.
The Holodomor. Child died on the streets of Kharkov, 1933
Hercolano2: UKRAINE – Holodomor 1932-33 – INTRO + TESTIMONIES + PICTURES
September 1933, approximately two-thirds of Ukrainian pupils were recorded as missing from schools
Victims of hunger. Kharkiv, 1933
A family in Ukraine Starves during the #Holodomor. Photo taken 11 November 1932 pic.twitter.com/vN1Wz2NkZv
Голодомор на Украине Genocide by starvation engineered by Stalin’s regime in Ukraine 1932-1933
The Great Russian famine (1919-1922). Cannibalism. 6 million people died.
Soviet police load corpses of Holodomor victims onto a train, 1932-1933, somewhere in Ukraine.
These are not the victims of the Nazis. It’s Ukrainians. victims of communist madness.
A victim of the Josef Stalin-ordered Holodomor famine, which killed millions of Ukrainians from 1932-33, is lying on a Kharkiv street in 1933.
Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich Stalins “Kulak” trouble shooter. Between 1928-34, up to 16 million people died in the Ukraine, as a result of mass stravation, shootings, even bombing of entire towns by the Red Army/ Airforce. later he was involved in mass deportations to Siberia of ethnic Muslims in Crimea. He once boasted to Stalin, that famine was cheaper then bullets to kill the Kulaks.
Two boys with a cache of potatoes they have found during the man-made Holodomor famine in the Ukraine, former Soviet Union, Spring 1934
Starving Ukrainian children during 1932-1933 genocidal famine initiated by the Soviets, known as Holodomor. It resulted in deaths of estimated 2.5-7.5 million Ukrainians. Victims of Holodomor are commemorated fourth Saturday of November each year.
A GENOCIDE OF HUNGER
The “Grand Famine” (Holodomor in Ukrainian means “ to inflict death through hunger”), organized intentionally by the Soviet regime, struck Ukraine from 1932-1933. According to research, the regions most affected by the famine were what is today known as Poltava, Sumy, Kharkiv, Cherkasy, Kiev, and Zhytomyr, which contributed to 52.8% of the famine’s victims. In reality Holomodor affected all of Central, South, East, and North Ukraine. The population of Ukraine in 1932 was 32,680,000 people; diverse sources have estimated the number of victims with values that range from 4.5 to 6 or 7 million. Journalist Paolo Rumiz says that “almost six million died from starvation in only Ukraine” that is “25 thousand a day,” “17 a minute”, specifying that “one out of three deaths were children or babies”. Andrej Gregorovich, an Ukrainian-American, speaks of the death of 7 million Ukrainians; he mentions the statement of Stalin to Churchill, according to which the dead in four years of collectivization were 10 million; Gregorovich confirms that “prudent assessments” said the dead were around 4.8 million, while “many studies re-confirmed” the estimated number of deaths to be between 5 and 8 million. In theBlack Book of Communism, Nicolas Werth talks about “over 6 million victims” (pg.147), as does Giovanni Gozzini in his volume dedicated to illustrate Gulag (the Soviet institution responsible for operating forced labor camps). Deaths from the labor camp system in the USSR “the most recent estimates, accurately conducted by official demographic sources, value that between 4 and 6 million deaths were the fruit of the famine, which was used as an instrument to normalize the structure of classes in the country” (pg.46), says the research of S.G.Wheatcroft and also citing the research gathered by A. Graziosi in Letters from Krakow. The famine in Ukraine and the North Caucaus in reports of Italian Diplomats from 1932-1933. The census of 1933 compared to the census of 1926 shows that the population of the USSR increased by 15.7%, however it fell in Ukraine by 9.9%. The archives of the era, accessible only for a small amount of time, testify to the intentional exploitation of the famine by the Soviet regime in order to damage the peasantry in the new design of “engineered socialism” (cfr. G. Gozzini, Gulag. The system of Labor Camps in the USSR, p.49). Keeping the truth secret, the soviet regime wanted to escape their rightful blame.
Today, no doubts remain that the Holomodor was an act of genocide, which resulted from political decisions of Stalin’s totalitarian regime, to suppress the Ukrainian people. Recently Ukraine has revealed numerous well-known documents from archives of ex-KGB that show the objectives and mechanisms, used by politicians, which sent millions of Ukrainians to their deaths. In many countries around the world there were undisclosed publications and research, like in the archives of Gran Bretagna, Italiy, France etc, which testify that in the case of Ukraine and neighboring regions hunger has been provoked permanently.
Certainly the responsibility for what happened is attributed to the complex Stalinist regime with its punitive branch. Because of the fulfillment of repressive measures, such as the introduction of enormous shares of harvested grain designated to stockpiles (requisition of the State); the seizure of all foodstuffs; rationing the sale of foodstuffs; the deployment of internal troops, and the restriction of the starving people to marry in other region of the USSR in search of food; the Ukrainian population was made prisoner in enormous ghettos, in which it was impossible to survive. By August 7th, 1932 in the USSR the property collective was dictated “sacred and secure” in a way on which whoever-including children-committed a theft or offense to “socialist property” (such as harvesting and hiding wheat/grain for ones children who were dying of hunger), or “wasted,” would be accused and serve a sentence between ten years in labor camps and the death penalty. The shares designated for the stockpiles (for the city and exports) had absolute prices that could not be reduced for any reason; those constraints on Ukraine were unbearable (in July 1932 45% of harvested grain was demanded and gathered up, in November a second requisition was announced and in January 1933 a third). December 6, 1932, in a bulletin from the Political Office on local authority, Ukrainian villages were accused of not supplying their fixed shares and were subjected to the following sanctions: banned from all provisions (of goods and of food), forced requisitions, banned from all trade, confiscation of every financial resource; all of their available grain was ransacked, including grain for sowing.
On December 27, 1932 the obligatory “passport” was imposed, the passport designated internal movements in order to stop desperate escapes to the zones not struck by the famine. On January 22, 1933 another bulletin, signed by Stalin at Molotov, prevented every method of transportation (by the suspension of selling train tickets and blocking streets) to the Ukrainian peasants and of the Northern Caucasus to escape from districts where there was not anything left to eat.
A quarter of the rural population, including men, women, and children, were annihilated by hunger. Often corpses were left on the street and their relatives, also at the end of their life, did not have the strength to bury them. Although in 1933 the Soviet government exported 18 million kilograms of grain and other products, they continued to officially ignore the famine. On March 15, 1933 the distribution of grain was suspended and in April peasants took grain from army depots in villages. The peasants’ stolen grain would help them in sowing and gathering seeds that, finally, would put an end to the nightmare. The bulletin of the Politburo on December 27, 1932 explained that the objective of the internal passport was “to liquidate the parasite of socialism and to combat the infiltration of Kulak’s in cities”, while the bulletin of January 22, 1933 signed by Stalin in Molotov, referred to “the stop of counter-revolutions” and explained that “The Central Committee and government had the task of stopping the migration of peasants in mass [to the cities in order to escape the famine] organized by the enemies of the Soviet government, by counter-revolutionaries and Polish agents, the purpose of propaganda against the kolkhosiano system in particular and the soviet government in general” (p. 152 The Black Book of Communism).
On May 6th, 1933 Stalin responding with these words to the request of writer Mihail Solohov to send foodstuffs to the exhausted population: “…the respected farmers of his district, and not only his, have led protests and sabotages, and were ready to leave workers and the Red Army without bread! The fact that one commits a silent sabotage yet appears loyal and peaceful (without bloodshed) is a fact that does not change anything about the affair, those respected farmers have searched for a way to depose Soviet power. Causing themselves war with a vengeance, dear Slovak companion!” (p. 154, The Black Book of Communism).
The famine determined to, together with the annihilation of peasants, exterminate the Ukrainian cultural elites and religious and intellectual Ukrainians, all of the categories considered “enemies to socialism”.
On November 29, 2006 Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenk signed a law that defines the Holomodor as an event provoked based on, and then exploited by, precise and provable political decision. The law proclaimed the fourth Saturday of November as a Day of Remembrance in order to commemorate the innocent victims.
On October 23, 2008 the European Parliament approved a resolution condemning the Holomodor as “appalling crimes against the Ukrainian population and against humanity”.
In the month of November 2008 the Holy Synod of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Patriarch of Moscow defined the Holomodor as an act of genocide. In fact, the Holomodor was recognized as an act of genocide by the governments of: Argentina, Australia, Canada, Estonia, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungry, and the United States.
Mass deportations to remote parts of the Soviet Union
The deportations added to the death toll. The transportations were a method of killing that was employed by the Soviet government. Transported people were not given food and water on the long journey.
This kind of train was used for mass deportations during the Stalinist period and many people were deported from this site. There were two groups of deported people: Prisoners sent to GULAG camps as slave labours, and deportees who should develop isolated regions, also through hard physical labour.
150,000 people were sent to GULAG camps as prisoners, mainly in Siberia. It is estimated that 20.000-25.000 died in the camps. The deportees sent to isolated regions were mainly “kulaks” and so-called “bandit families” of punished individuals. 136,000 of these people were deported to Siberia, the Arctic zone and Central Asia.
Around 28,000 of them died in exile. After Stalin’s death in 1953, it became possible for many deportees to return to Lithuania in the following decades.
Shocking images: the Russian famine of 1921–22, also known as Povolzhye famine
Video: Shocking images, The Russian famine of 1921–22, also known as Povolzhye famine Youtube
Terror under Jewish Bolshevik forced Famine in Russia 1921-23
VIDEO: Terror under Jewish Bolshevik forced Famine in Russia 1921-23 Youtube
Grain was exported during the famine
According to Michael Ellman, 1932–33 grain exports amounted to 1.8 million tonnes, which would have been enough to feed 5 million people for one year.
Extensive export of grain and other food
Some publications claim that after recognition of the famine situation in Ukraine during the drought and poor harvests, the Soviet government in Moscow continued to export grain rather than retain its crop to feed the people …
Cereals (in tonnes):
- 1930 – 4,846,024
- 1931 – 5,182,835
- 1932 – 1,819,114 (~750,000 during the first half of 1932; from late April ~157,000 tonnes of grain was also imported)
- 1933 – 1,771,364 (~220,000 during the first half of 1933; from late March grain was also imported)
Only wheat (in tonnes):
- 1930 – 2,530,953
- 1931 – 2,498,958
- 1932 – 550,917
- 1933 – 748,248
In 1932, via Ukrainian commercial ports the following amounts were exported: 988,300 tons of grains and 16,500 tons of other types of cereals. In 1933, the totals were: 809,600 tons of grains, 2,600 tons of other cereals, 3,500 tons of meat, 400 tons of butter, and 2,500 tons of fish. Those same ports imported the following amounts: less than 67,200 tons of grains and cereals in 1932, and 8,600 tons of grains in 1933.
The following amounts were received from other Soviet ports: in 1932, 164,000 tons of grains, 7,300 tons of other cereals, 31,500 tons of [clarification needed], and no more than 177,000 tons of meat and butter; in 1933, 230,000 tons of grains, 15,300 tons if other cereals, 100 tons of meat, 900 tons of butter, and 34,300 tons of fish.
Images of the famine
All pictures are taken from Wikipedia
Daily Express, August 6, 1934
Chicago American‘s front page
Photograph by Alexander Wienerberger, 1933
Map of depopulation of Ukraine and southern Russia, 1929–33. Territories in white were not part of the USSR during the famine.
Passers-by and the corpse of a starved man on a street in Kharkiv, 1932
A “Red Train” of carts from the “Wave of Proletarian Revolution” collective farm in the village of Oleksiyivka, Kharkiv oblast in 1932. “Red Trains” took the first harvest of the season’s crop to the government depots. During the Holodomor, these brigades were part of the Soviet Government’s policy of deliberately taking away food from the peasants.
Soviet famine of 1932–33. Areas of most disastrous famine marked with black.
Stalin detested Ukrainians for their nationalism and their fierce determination for self-rule. To prevent a resurgence of Ukrainian nationhood, his goal was to eliminate Ukrainians from the face of the earth. USSR soldiers dug up every bit of food hidden in their dirt floors, killed all the wild animals and birds in the forest so the Ukrainians couldn’t eat them, and created the worst famine in the land.
Comparing official Soviet census figures of 1932 to those of 1939, Ukraine had a population loss of 7,465,000 in a 7-year post-war period of peace and rebuilding.
Villagers picked up their dead friends and family off the roads and carted them off to the cemetery, covered them with snow and when spring came, they were able to bury them. The remaining dead were shoveled into mass graves by the Russian soldiers. However, this famine was a big secret. No media rushed to admonish this atrocity. No war crimes were commissioned. No history recorded. The genocide is still denied.
The souls of 10 million Stalin-victims still cry out for justice.
2003 Olga Kaxzmar
Incidence of disease in Russian Empire and USSR
Davies & Wheatcroft 2010, p. 512.
Incidence of births and deaths in USSR
Stanislav Kulchytsky, “How many of us perished in Holodomor in 1933”, Zerkalo Nedeli, 23–29 November 2002. Available online “in Russian”. Archived from the original on 21 July 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2003. and “in Ukrainian”. Archived from the original on 5 May 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2003.
Documentary: “Harvest of Despair”
VIDEO: Harvest Despair Youtube
Rothschilds’ CFR & the Ukrainian Holodomor of 1932-1933
VIDEO: Rothschilds’ CFR & the Ukrainian Holodomor of 1932-1933 Youtube
Jewish Bolsheviks dominated the early USSR Government
Holodomor denial is the assertion that the 1932–1933 genocide in Soviet Ukraine either did not occur or did occur but was not a premeditated act. Denying the existence of the famine was the Soviet state’s position and reflected in both Soviet propaganda and the work of some Western journalists and intellectuals including George Bernard Shaw, Walter Duranty and Louis Fischer. In the Soviet Union, authorities all but banned discussion of the famine, and Ukrainian historian Stanislav Kulchytsky stated the Soviet government ordered him to falsify his findings and depict the famine as an unavoidable natural disaster, to absolve the Communist Party and uphold the legacy of Stalin.
Testimonies of survivors of the Holodomor
Video: Holodomor: The Holocaust in Ukraine by the Soviet Union 1932-1933 Youtube
Child victim of Famine/Genocide
“Please return the grain that you have confiscated from me. If you don’t return it I’ll die. I’m 78 years old and I’m incapable of searching for food by myself.”
(From a petition to the authorities by I.A. Rylov)
“I saw the ravages of the famine of 1932-1933 in the Ukraine: hordes of families in rags begging at the railway stations, the women lifting up to the compartment window their starving brats, which, with drumstick limbs, big cadaverous heads and puffed bellies, looked like embryos out of alcohol bottles …”
(as remembered by Arthur Kaestler, a famous British novelist, journalist, and critic. Koestler spent about three months in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv during the Famine. He wrote about his experiences in “The God That Failed”, a 1949 book which collects together six essays with the testimonies of a number of famous ex-Communists, who were writers and journalists.)
Our father used to read the Bible to us, but whenever he came to the passage mentioning ‘bloodless war’ he could not explain to us what that term meant. When in 1933 he was dying from hunger he called us to his deathbed and said “This, children, is what is called bloodless war…”
(as remembered by Hanna Doroshenko)
“What I saw that morning … was inexpressibly horrible. On a battlefield men die quickly, they fight back … Here I saw people dying in solitude by slow degrees, dying hideously, without the excuse of sacrifice for a cause. They had been trapped and left to starve, each in his own home, by a political decision made in a far-off capital around conference and banquet tables. There was not even the consolation of inevitability to relieve the horror.”
(as remembered by Victor Kravchenko, a Soviet defector who wrote up his experiences of life in the Soviet Union and as a Soviet official, especially in his 1946 book “I Chose Freedom”. “I Chose Freedom” containing extensive revelations on collectivization, Soviet prison camps and the use of slave labor came at a time of growing tension between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West. His death from bullet wounds in his apartment remains unclarified, though it was officially ruled a suicide. His son Andrew continues to believe he was the victim of a KGB execution.)
“From 1931 to 1934 we had great harvests. The weather conditions were great. However, all the grain was taken from us. People searched the fields for mice burrows hoping to find measly amounts of grain stored by mice…”
(as remembered by Mykola Karlosh)
“I still get nauseous when I remember the burial hole that all the dead livestock was thrown into. I still remember people screaming by that hole. Driven to madness by hunger people were ripping the meat of the dead animals. The stronger ones were getting bigger pieces. People ate dogs, cats, just about anything to survive.”
(as remembered by Vasil Boroznyak)
“People were dying all over our village. The dogs ate the ones that were not buried. If people could catch the dogs they were eaten. In the neighboring village people ate bodies that they dug up.”
(as remembered by Motrya Mostova)
“I’m asking for your permission to advance me any amount of grain. I’m completely sick. I don’t have any food. I’ve started to swell up and I can hardly move my feet. Please don’t refuse me or it will be too late.”
(From a petition to the authorities by P. Lube)
“In the spring when acacia trees started blooming everyone began eating their flowers. I remember that our neighbor who didn’t have her own acacia tree climbed on ours and I went to tell my mother that she was eating our flowers. My mother only smiled sadly.”
(as remembered by Vasil Demchenko)
“Of our neighbors I remember all the Solveiki family died, all of the Kapshuks, all the Rahachenkos too – and the Yeremo family – three of them, still alive, were thrown into the mass grave…”
(as remembered by Ekaterina Marchenko)
“Where did all bread disappear, I do not really know, maybe they have taken it all abroad. The authorities have confiscated it, removed from the villages, loaded grain into the railway coaches and took it away someplace. They have searched the houses, taken away everything to the smallest thing. All the vegetable gardens, all the cellars were raked out and everything was taken away.
Wealthy peasants were exiled into Siberia even before Holodomor during the “collectivization”. Communists came, collected everything. Children were crying beaten for that with the boots. It is terrifying to recall what happened. It was so dreadful that every day became engraved in my memory. People were lying everywhere as dead flies. The stench was awful. Many of our neighbors and acquaintances from our street died.
I have no idea how I managed to survive and stay alive. In 1933 we tried to survive the best we could. We collected grass, goose-foot, burdocks, rotten potatoes and made pancakes, soups from putrid beans or nettles.
Collected gley from the trees and ate it, ate sparrows, pigeons, cats, dead and live dogs. When there was still cattle, it was eaten first, then – the domestic animals. Some were eating their own children, I would have never been able to eat my child. One of our neighbours came home when her husband, suffering from severe starvation ate their own baby-daughter. This woman went crazy.
People were drinking a lot of water to fill stomachs, that is why the bellies and legs were swollen, the skin was swelling from the water as well. At that time the punishment for a stolen handful of grain was 5 years of prison. One was not allowed to go into the fields, the sparrows were pecking grain, though people were not allowed.”
(From the memories of Olexandra Rafalska, Zhytomir)
“A boy, 9 years old, said: “Mother said, ‘Save yourself, run to town.’ I turned back twice; I could not bear to leave my mother, but she begged and cried, and I finally went for good.”
(Recollected by an observer simply known as Dr. M.M.)
“At that time I lived in the village of Yaressky of the Poltava region. More than a half of the village population perished as a result of the famine. It was terrifying to walk through the village: swollen people moaning and dying. The bodies of the dead were buried together, because there was no one to dig the graves.
There were no dogs and no cats. People died at work; it was of no concern whether your body was swollen, whether you could work, whether you have eaten, whether you could – you had to go and work. Otherwise – you are the enemy of the people.
Many people never lived to see the crops of 1933 and those crops were considerable. A more severe famine, other sufferings were awaiting ahead. Rye was starting to become ripe. Those who were still able made their way to the fields. This road, however, was covered with dead bodies, some could not reach the fields, some ate grain and died right away. The patrol was hunting them down, collecting everything, trampled down the collected spikelets, beat the people, came into their homes, seized everything. What they could not take – they burned.”
(From the memories of Galina Gubenko, Poltava region)
“The famine began. People were eating cats, dogs in the Ros’ river all the frogs were caught out. Children were gathering insects in the fields and died swollen. Stronger peasants were forced to collect the dead to the cemeteries; they were stocked on the carts like firewood, than dropped off into one big pit. The dead were all around: on the roads, near the river, by the fences. I used to have 5 brothers. Altogether 792 souls have died in our village during the famine, in the war years – 135 souls”
(As remembered by Antonina Meleshchenko, village of Kosivka, region of Kyiv)
“I remember Holodomor very well, but have no wish to recall it. There were so many people dying then. They were lying out in the streets, in the fields, floating in the flux. My uncle lived in Derevka – he died of hunger and my aunt went crazy – she ate her own child. At the time one couldn’t hear the dogs barking – they were all eaten up.”
(From the memories of Galina Smyrna, village Uspenka of Dniepropetrovsk region)
The Real Holocaust: Holodomor
Video: Holodomor – Hidden Holocaust in Ukraine by Zionist Jews Youtube
Causes of the Holodomor famine
The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомор) is the name of the famine that ravaged Soviet Ukraine in 1932–1933. Estimates for the total number of casualties within Soviet Ukraine range between 2.2 million and 10 million.
Read more: Wikipedia: Causes of the Holodomor
Solzhenitsyn’s comments on Holodomor
From: Robert Lindsay – see comments section
Why is there Holodomor denial by the media and many governments?
Putin: First Soviet government was mostly Jewish
Speaking at Moscow’s Jewish Museum, Russian president says politicians ‘were guided by false ideological considerations’
June 19, 2013
JTA — Russian President Vladimir Putin said that at least 80 percent of the members of the first Soviet government were Jewish.
“I thought about something just now: The decision to nationalize this library was made by the first Soviet government, whose composition was 80-85 percent Jewish,” Putin said June 13 during a visit to Moscow’s Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center.
Putin was referencing the library of Rabbi Joseph I. Schneerson, the late leader of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement. The books, which are claimed by Chabad representatives in the United States, began being moved to the museum in Moscow this month.
According to the official transcription of Putin’s speech at the museum, he went on to say that the politicians on the predominantly Jewish Soviet government “were guided by false ideological considerations and supported the arrest and repression of Jews, Russian Orthodox Christians, Muslims and members of other faiths. They grouped everyone into the same category.
“Thankfully, those ideological goggles and faulty ideological perceptions collapsed. And today, we are essentially returning these books to the Jewish community with a happy smile.”
Widely seen as the first Soviet government, the Council of People’s Commissars was formed in 1917 and comprised 16 leaders, including chairman Vladimir Lenin, foreign affairs chief Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin, who was in charge of the People’s Commissariat of Nationalities.
Jews and Bolshevism
Amongst themselves, the Jews are quite candid about their sympathy for and involvement in Bolshevism.
The most detailed description of Jewish influence in the Bolshevik ‘revolution comes from Robert Wilton, the Russian correspondent of The Times. In 1920 he published a book in French, Les Derniers Jours des Romanofs, which gave the racial background of all the members of the Soviet government. (This does not appear in the later English translation, for some odd reason.) After the publication of this monumental work, Wilton was ostracised by the press, and he died in poverty in 1925. He reported that the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party was made up as follows:
“The Council of the People’s Commissars comprises the following:
“The following is the list of members of the Central Executive Committee:
“The following is the list of members of the Extraordinary Commission of Moscow:
Read more at: Heretical.com
Soviet Government ordered famine-producing measures
Addendum to the minutes of Politburo [meeting] No. 93. RESOLUTION OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC AND OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE ON BLACKLISTING VILLAGES THAT MALICIOUSLY SABOTAGE THE COLLECTION OF GRAIN. In view of the shameful collapse of grain collection in the more remote regions of Ukraine, the Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee call upon the oblast executive committees and the oblast [party] committees as well as the raion executive committees and the raion [party] committees: to break up the sabotage of grain collection, which has been organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements; to liquidate the resistance of some of the rural communists, who in fact have become the leaders of the sabotage; to eliminate the passivity and complacency toward the saboteurs, incompatible with being a party member; and to ensure, with maximum speed, full and absolute compliance with the plan for grain collection. The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee resolve: To place the following villages on the black list for overt disruption of the grain collection plan and for malicious sabotage, organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements: 1. village of Verbka in Pavlograd raion, Dnepropetrovsk oblast. ... 5. village of Sviatotroitskoe in Troitsk raion, Odessa oblast. 6. village of Peski in Bashtan raion, Odessa oblast. The following measures should be undertaken with respect to these villages : 1. Immediate cessation of delivery of goods, complete suspension of cooperative and state trade in the villages, and removal of all available goods from cooperative and state stores. 2. Full prohibition of collective farm trade for both collective farms and collective farmers, and for private farmers. 3. Cessation of any sort of credit and demand for early repayment of credit and other financial obligations. 4. Investigation and purge of all sorts of foreign and hostile elements from cooperative and state institutions, to be carried out by organs of the Workers and Peasants Inspectorate. 5. Investigation and purge of collective farms in these villages, with removal of counterrevolutionary elements and organizers of grain collection disruption. The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee call upon all collective and private farmers who are honest and dedicated to Soviet rule to organize all their efforts for a merciless struggle against kulaks and their accomplices in order to: defeat in their villages the kulak sabotage of grain collection; fulfill honestly and conscientiously their grain collection obligations to the Soviet authorities; and strengthen collective farms. CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC - V. CHUBAR'. SECRETARY OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE - S. KOSIOR. 6 December 1932. True copy
Massive exports from Ukraine during the famine
Documents show massive export of products from Ukraine during Holodomor
The once-secret documents from the Russian State Archives of Economy have been posted online in the Electronic Archive of the Liberation Movement Research Centre on the eve of the 82nd anniversary of the Holodomor.
The documents classified ‘Top Secret’ and “Confidential” from the Russian State Archives of Economics (Moscow) on the export of various products from Ukraine during the Holodomor have been published online. Most of the products were exported to Germany, England, Holland, Denmark and Poland. Historians say that these 252 documents are key testimonials to understanding the scope of food export from the Soviet Union, especially from famine-wracked Ukraine.
Professor Gennady Boryak, Doctor of History, deputy director of the Institute of History of Ukraine:
Tons of apples, tomato paste (according to reports, it accounted for 2/3 of all products exported abroad particularly in the fourth quarter of 1932), and barrels of Nizhyn pickles were exported during the Holodomor. In other reports, we read the following cynical statements: “Honey production in Ukraine in 1933 … was exceptionally good, which explains the important over-fulfillment of the Plan …”
The documents show that Germany received the largest shipments of products in 1932-1933. Many exports also went to the UK, the Netherlands, Denmark and Poland. “Vegetables were exported mainly to England and Afghanistan, tomato paste – to Germany and Estonia, milk – to Mongolia, peas to Holland.” says the historian.
Most of the documents come from the archives of the People’s Commissariat of Foreign Trade (file 413), some from the People’s Commissariat for Food Supplies (file 8043) and the Russian State Archive of Economics (Moscow).
Documents are available at the E-archives of the Liberation Movement Research Centre: http://avr.org.ua/index.php/Ust/169/?a=1
The Electronic Archive was opened in March 2013 avr.org.ua. It is a joint project of the Liberation Movement Research Centre, the Ivan Franko Lviv University and the National Museum Prison on Lonskoho . 23,103 copies of documents are currently available at the E-archive. The mission of our project – making the past accessible.
Export of various products in September 1932
Translated by: Christine Chraibi
Reproduced from euromaidanpress.com
Book: “The Harvest of Sorrow”
This is a book about the Holodomor by Robert Conquest
“… in the Ukraine and adjacent Cossack areas in southern Russia, the Bolsheviks killed nearly twice as many peasants—totaling more than all deaths in WWI. The late English historian Robert Conquest devoted much of his life to finding, rigorously documenting, and publishing the truth regarding what transpired in the Soviet Union between WWI and WWII. One of his most powerful treatises is Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine (New York: Oxford University Press, c. 1986). The book’s title is taken from “The Armament of Igor,” a poem lamenting that: “The black earth / Was sown with bones / And watered with blood / For a harvest of sorrow / On the land of Rus.’”
For many centuries Russian peasants were serfs—working the land of aristocratic landowners who often exploited them. Reform movements in the 19th century, much like anti-slave movements in America, led to their liberation in the 1860s. While certainly harsh by modern standards, their lot slowly improved, though like sharecroppers following the Civil War in America they were generally landless and impoverished in a nation firmly controlled by the Tsar and aristocracy. Thus the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 was initially welcomed by peasants who often seized and carved up the large estates they worked on, hoping for the better life promised by the upheaval. Yet they “‘turned a completely deaf ear to ideas of Socialism’” (p. 44). As Boris Pasternak made clear, in a passage in Doctor Zhivago: “‘The peasant knows very well what he wants, better than you or I do . . . . When the revolution came and woke him up, he decided that this was the fulfillment of his dreams, his ancient dream of living anarchically on his own land by the work of his hands, in complete independence and without owing anything to anyone. Instead of that, he found the had only exchanged the old oppression of the Czarist state for the new, much harsher yoke of the revolutionary super-state’” (p. 52).
Realizing that the innate love of farmers for land ownership and free markets militated against his totalizing ideology, Lenin noted that he would ultimately “‘have to engage in the most decisive, ruthless struggle against them’” (p. 45). He’d found that Communists such as himself knew little about economics—as was evident when he tried to abolish money and banking—and quickly launched the New Economic Policy, effectively restoring important aspects of capitalism. He also had to find effective ways to encourage agricultural productivity, so he delayed collectivizing agriculture in the 1920s. By the end of that decade, however, Joseph Stalin had seized sufficient power to undertake the radical restructuring of Russian agriculture. A 1928 grain crisis prompted Party bureaucrats to mandate production quotas, taxes and distribution mechanisms. They also needed scapegoats to blame and signaled out the best, hardest working and most prosperous farmers (the kulaks who owned a few acres and a handful of animals and even hired laborers as needed) who seemed to qualify as closet capitalists and “wreckers.” As Stalin declared: “‘We have gone over from a policy of limiting the exploiting tendencies of the kulak to a policy of liquidating the kulak as a class’” (p. 115).
Stalin and the Soviet Politburo established the All Union People’s Commissariat of Agriculture, staffed by alleged “experts,” which was authorized to push the peasants into collectives and set utterly utopian, ludicrous goals for yearly harvests. Such policies (part of Stalin’s Five Year Plan) led to an “epoch of dekulakization, of collectivization, and of the terror-famine; of war against the Soviet peasantry, and later against the Ukrainian nation. It may be seen as none of the most significant, as well as one of the most dreadful, periods of modern times” (p. 116). Farmers who failed to meet their quotas or “hoarded” grain (even seed grain!) were arrested and resettled in remote regions if not shot or sent to camps. Conquest documented, in mind-numbing, heart-rending detail, this deliberate destruction of those who stood in the way of Stalin’s grand socialistic agenda. To the Party, in the words of a novelist, “‘Not one of them was guilty of anything; but they belonged to a class that was guilty of everything’” (p. 143). And in the “class struggle” intrinsic to Marxist analysis, evil classes must be destroyed. Sifting through all the documents available to him, Conquest estimates that at least fourteen million peasants perished. “Comparable to the deaths in the major wars of our time,” Stalin’s “harvest of sorrow” may rightly be called genocide.
Above all, Stalin targeted the peasants of the Ukraine, the Don and Kuban, where a massive famine transpired in the early ‘30s. Party activists (generally dispatched from the cities and lacking any knowledge of agriculture) presided over the process. One of them recalled: “‘With the rest of my generation I firmly believed that the ends justified the means. Our great goal was the universal triumph of Communism, and for the sake of that goal everything was permissible—to lie, to steal, to destroy hundreds of thousands and even millions of people, all those who were hindering our work or could hinder it, everyone who stood in the way’” (p. 233). One of the few Western journalists daring to discern and tell the truth, Malcolm Muggeridge, said: “‘I saw something of the battle that is going on between the government and the peasants. The battlefield is as desolate as nay war and stretches wider; stretches over a large part of Russia. One the one side, millions of starving peasants, their bodies often swollen from lack of food; on the other, soldier members of the GPU carrying out the instruction of the dictatorship of the proletariat. They have gone over the country like a swarm of locusts and taken away everything edible; they had shot or exiled thousands of peasants, sometimes whole villages; they had reduced some of the most fertile land in the world to a melancholy desert’” (p. 260).
Consequently, Soviet agriculture imploded. In 1954 the Nikita Khrushchev admitted that despite the more highly-mechanized farming techniques in the collectives “Soviet agriculture was producing less grain per capita and few cattle absolutely than had been achieved by the muzhik with his wooden plough under Tsarism forty years earlier” (p. 187). And what’s true for agriculture is true for the rest of the USSR under Communist rule—socialism inevitably destroys whatever it controls.”
Review from Amazon
HOLODOMOR : The famine-genocide of Ukraine, 1932-1933
Ukraine, that was known worldwide as the breadbasket of Europe, was being ravaged by a man-made famine of unprecedented scale. 28,000 people were dying of starvation every day.
Stalin and his followers were determined to teach Ukraine’s farmers “a lesson they would not forget” for resisting collectivization.
Moreover, the famine was meant to deal “a crushing blow” to any aspirations for independence from the Soviet Union by the Ukrainians, 80 percent of whom worked the land.
While millions of people in Ukraine and elsewhere dying, the Soviet Union continued to deny the famine was happening, and exported enough grain from Ukraine to have fed the entire population (the exported grain could have fed 5 million people).
For 50 years, surviving generations were forbidden to speak of it, until the Soviet Union was near collapse. The Soviet Union was a repressive government. Mentioning the famine could earn one a trip to the gulag or execution center.
Adapted from: Holodomor 1932-1933
Trotsky’s response to famine of 1921
In 1921, messengers representing starving European peasants asked Trotsky for help. He said this:
“You are starving? This is not famine yet, when your woman start eating their children then you may come and say we are starving.”
Candles and wheat as a symbol of remembrance during the Holodomor Remembrance Day 2013 in Lviv
Davies & Wheatcroft 2010, p. 512.
Holodomor Facts and History:
Holodomor: approximate pronunciation: ‘huh-luh-duh-more’
The term Holodomor refers specifically to the brutal artificial famine imposed by Stalin’s regime on Soviet Ukraine and primarily ethnically Ukrainian areas in the Northern Caucasus in 1932-33.
In its broadest sense, it is also used to describe the Ukrainian genocide that began in 1929 with the massive waves of deadly deportations of Ukraine’s most successful farmers (kurkuls, or kulaks, in Russian) as well as the deportations and executions of Ukraine’s religious, intellectual and cultural leaders, culminating in the devastating forced famine that killed millions more innocent individuals. The genocide in fact continued for several more years with the further destruction of Ukraine’s political leadership, the resettlement of Ukraine’s depopulated areas with other ethnic groups, the prosecution of those who dared to speak of the famine publicly, and the consistent blatant denial of famine by the Soviet regime.
The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin take power in Russia.
The Soviet Union is formed with Ukraine becoming one of the republics.
After Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin ascends to power.
Stalin introduces a program of agricultural collectivization that forces farmers to give up their private land, equipment and livestock, and join state owned, factory-like collective farms. Stalin decides that collective farms would not only feed the industrial workers in the cities but could also provide a substantial amount of grain to be sold abroad, with the money used to finance his industrialization plans.
Many Ukrainian farmers, known for their independence, still refuse to join the collective farms, which they regarded as similar to returning to the serfdom of earlier centuries. Stalin introduces a policy of “class warfare” in the countryside in order to break down resistance to collectivization. The successful farmers, or kurkuls, (kulaks, in Russian) are branded as the class enemy, and brutal enforcement by regular troops and secret police is used to “liquidate them as a class.” Eventually anyone who resists collectivization is considered a kurkul.
1.5 million Ukrainians fall victim to Stalin’s “dekulakization” policies, Over the extended period of collectivization, armed dekulakization brigades forcibly confiscate land, livestock and other property, and evict entire families. Close to half a million individuals in Ukraine are dragged from their homes, packed into freight trains, and shipped to remote, uninhabited areas such as Siberia where they are left, often without food or shelter. A great many, especially children, die in transit or soon thereafter.
The Soviet government sharply increases Ukraine’s production quotas, ensuring that they could not be met. Starvation becomes widespread. In the summer of 1932, a decree is implemented that calls for the arrest or execution of any person – even a child — found taking as little as a few stalks of wheat or any possible food item from the fields where he worked. By decree, discriminatory voucher systems are implemented, and military blockades are erected around many Ukrainian villages preventing the transport of food into the villages and the hungry from leaving in search of food. Brigades of young activists from other Soviet regions are brought in to sweep through the villages and confiscate hidden grain, and eventually any and all food from the farmers’ homes. Stalin states of Ukraine that “the national question is in essence a rural question” and he and his commanders determine to “teach a lesson through famine” and ultimately, to deal a “crushing blow” to the backbone of Ukraine, its rural population.
By June, at the height of the famine, people in Ukraine are dying at the rate of 30,000 a day, nearly a third of them are children under 10. Between 1932-34, approximately 4 million deaths are attributed to starvation within the borders of Soviet Ukraine. This does not include deportations, executions, or deaths from ordinary causes. Stalin denies to the world that there is any famine in Ukraine, and continues to export millions of tons of grain, more than enough to have saved every starving man, woman and child.
A Corpse of a Famine Victim on the streets of Kharkiv, 1933.
Uncovering the Truth:
“Any report of a famine in Russia is today an exaggeration or malignant propaganda. There is no actual starvation or deaths from starvation but there is widespread mortality from diseases due to malnutrition.”
Denial of the famine by Soviet authorities was echoed at the time of the famine by some prominent Western journalists, like Walter Duranty. The Soviet Union adamantly refused any outside assistance because the regime officially denied that there was any famine. Anyone claiming the contrary was accused of spreading anti-Soviet propaganda. Outside the Soviet Union, Western governments adopted a passive attitude toward the famine, although most of them had become aware of the true suffering in Ukraine through confidential diplomatic channels.
In fact, in November 1933, the United States, under newly elected president Franklin D. Roosevelt, chose to formally recognized Stalin’s Communist government and also negotiated a sweeping new trade agreement. The following year, the pattern of denial in the West culminated with the admission of the Soviet Union into the League of Nations. Stalin’s Five-Year Plans for the modernization of the Soviet Union depended largely on the purchase of massive amounts of manufactured goods and technology from Western nations. Those nations were unwilling to disrupt lucrative trade agreements with the Soviet Union in order to pursue the matter of the famine.
In the ensuing decades, Ukrainian émigré groups sought acknowledgment of this tragic, massive genocide, but with little success. Not until the late 1980’s, with the publication of eminent scholar Robert Conquest’s “Harvest of Sorrow,” the report of the US Commission on the Ukraine Famine, and the findings of the International Commission of Inquiry into the 1932–33 Famine in Ukraine, and the release of the eye-opening documentary “Harvest of Despair,” did greater world attention come to bear on this event. In Soviet Ukraine, of course, the Holodomor was kept out of official discourse until the late 1980’s, shortly before Ukraine won its independence in 1991. With the fall of the Soviet Union, previously inaccessible archives, as well as the long suppressed oral testimony of Holodomor survivors living in Ukraine, have yielded massive evidence offering incontrovertible proof of Ukraine’s tragic famine genocide of the 1930’s.
On November 28th 2006, the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament of Ukraine) passed a decree defining the Holodomor as a deliberate Act of Genocide. Although the Russian government continues to call Ukraine’s depiction of the famine a “one-sided falsification of history,” it is recognized as genocide by approximately two dozen nations, and is now the focus of considerable international research and documentation.
References and Further Reading
Holodomor Basic Facts http://holodomor.ca/holodomor-basic-facts/
THE FAMINE/GENOCIDE IN UKRAINE “THE HOLODOMOR, 1932-1933″ http://www.faminegenocide.com/kuryliw/the_ukrainian_genocide.htm
The Holodomor, 1932-1933: A Ukrainian Genocide http://www.faminegenocide.com/resources/hessay.htm
The Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-1933 AS AN INSTRUMENT OF SOVIET NATIONALITIES POLICY http://www.holodomoreducation.org/index.php/id/190
Wikipedia: Causes of the Holodomor https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Causes_of_the_Holodomor
Droughts and famines in Russia and the Soviet Union https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Droughts_and_famines_in_Russia_and_the_Soviet_Union
Lazar Kaganovich https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lazar_Kaganovich
Soviet famine of 1932-1933: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_famine_of_1932%E2%80%9333
Revelations from the Soviet Archives: Ukrainian Famine https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/ukra.html
Wikipedia: Holodomor https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holodomor
Jews and Bolshevism http://www.heretical.com/miscellx/bolshies.html
Holodomor Facts and History http://www.holodomorct.org/history.html